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26 terms

Government chapter 4

test tomorrow
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Supremacy Clause
states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land
McCulloch vs. Maryland
held up the Supremacy Clause- can't tax a national bank
Nation's Obligation to the States
Republican form of Government
Protection
Respect for Territorial Integrity
Republican form of Government
representative government and elections in each state
Protection
against invasion, internal violence, natural disasters, etc
Respect for Territorial Integrity
respect state boundaries
Process of State Admission
1. territory asks Congress for admission
2. Congress passes an enabling act allowing the territory to write its own constitution
3. the voters in the territory must approve the Constitution
4. if Congress agrees, they pass an Act of Admission to let the territory in
5. the President must sign the act
Cooperative Federalism
grants-in-aid programs
Grants-In-Aid Programs
grants of federal money or other resources to the States
-blur the lines of Federalism because Federal money is going towards State projects
Categorical Grants
made for a specific, defined purpose; strings attached such as specific purpose, providing matching money, obeying guidelines, etc
Block Grants
larger areas of funding, less strings attached- States have more freedom to use money
Project Grants
grants for a specific project, such as scientific research
Interstate Compacts
agreements among States and agreements with foreign states (use of river/other resources)
Full Faith and Credit
each state must accept the public acts (laws), records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
Extradition
a fugitive hiding in one state can be returned to another state
Privileges and Immunities
no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states
Delegated Powers
those powers given to the National government- expressed, implied, inherent
Expressed powers
written clearly stated in the Constitution (coin money)
Implied Powers
not actually stated in the Constitution but they are suggested (building the interstate system)
Inherent Powers
powers that the government has because it's a sovereign state in the world community (regulate immigration)
Denied Powers
denied to the National government: Expressively and Silence
Expressively denied
specifically stated in the Constitution that Congress cannot do something (prohibit freedom)
Silence
Constitution says nothing so Congress can't do it (create national public school system)
Reserved Powers
Powers reserved to the States (public school system, gambling laws, licencing)
Denied Powers (State)
can't print/coin money and can't join any treaty/alliance/confederation
Concurrent Powers
National and State hold them simultaneously (take private property for public use and lay/collect taxes)