56 terms

updated Ch2 The fight for democracy and the english civil war by David Dueck finished

vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
flamboyant
showy
amethyst
clear purple gemstone
democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
civil rights
the rights of a citizen
magna carta
the great charter which guaranteed the english people certain civil rights
monarch
a king or queen
civil war
a war between citizens of the same country
republic
a country without a monarch
constitutional monarchy
a monarchy in whch the monarch rules according to the constitution and laws of the nation
gulf stream
a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico northward through the Atlantic Ocean
spanish armada
a great fleet of ships sent by spain in1588 to invade england
to colonize
to settle in and control the lands of others
entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
guild
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people. They upheld standards and protect its members
protestant
any christian not belonging to the roman catholic or orthodox eastern church
congregation
an assembly of peope who gather for religious worship
church of england
the established church in england, headed by the monarch
elaborated
decorated, ceremonial
to dissent
to differ in opinion, disagree; refuse to conform to the established church
calvinist
a follower of the teachings of john calvin, a leader of the protestant reformation
to tolerate
to allow people to live, think, or worship according to their own beliefs
original sin
in traditional christian belief, the state of sin in which all humans live because Adam and Eve disobeyed God
hysteria
a state of uncontrolled excitement
to duck
to plunge suddenly under water and out again
absolute monarch
a king, queen, emperor, or empress with unlimited power
slovenly
untidy, dirty, careless in dress, appearance, and habits
to exalt
to place high in rank, honour, or power
to debase
to make low in rank, honour, or power
tyrant
a cruel and unjust ruler or person
incompetent
lacking ability
to ally
to combine with for a special purpose
to compromise
a way of solving a problem or ending an argument in which both people or groups accept that they cannot have everything they want
extravagent
careless and lavish spending, wastefulness
favourite
a person or thing liked better than others, a person treated specially
to despise
to hate, to scorn, to deny respect
to alienate
to cause someone to become hostile or indifferent
ship money
There was always an English tax on port towns which required each town to pay for a mercenary vessel to protect it. Under Charles I, this was expanded so that inland towns paid as if they were also port towns so Charles got the money. It was deeply resented by the inland towns it affected.
tunnage and poundage
a customs duty or tax collected on the tons and pounds of goods coming into or leaving the country
to billet
to require homeowners to provide food and lodging for soldiers
title
a name showing a person's rank and position in life
court of stars chamber
a royal court in which people had no legal rights
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
seditious libel
false and malicious statements against the monarch, which are treasonous
pillory
a device consisting of a wooden board with holes for the head and arms, in whcih offenders were exposed to public scorn
writ of habeus corpus
court order that a prisoner be brought before the judge to determine whether or not he is guilty and is being punished correctly
presbyterian
a protestant church governed by elders
covenant
agreement
dilemma
a difficult choice
crown jewels
jewels used but not owned by the royal family
militia
citizens who are not regular soldiers, but who are trained to act as soldiers in times of emergency
lobster-tail helmet
a soldier's helmet with jointed plates on the back to protect the neck
blue laws
strict laws
regicide
a person who kills, or participates in the killing of, a king
test act
(1673) Law prohibiting Catholics and dissenters to hold political office.
to abdicate
to give up or renounce
inalienable
unable to be taken or given away