56 terms

updated Ch2 The fight for democracy and the english civil war by David Dueck finished

clear purple gemstone
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
civil rights
the rights of a citizen
magna carta
the great charter which guaranteed the english people certain civil rights
a king or queen
civil war
a war between citizens of the same country
a country without a monarch
constitutional monarchy
a monarchy in whch the monarch rules according to the constitution and laws of the nation
gulf stream
a warm ocean current that flows from the Gulf of Mexico northward through the Atlantic Ocean
spanish armada
a great fleet of ships sent by spain in1588 to invade england
to colonize
to settle in and control the lands of others
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people. They upheld standards and protect its members
any christian not belonging to the roman catholic or orthodox eastern church
an assembly of peope who gather for religious worship
church of england
the established church in england, headed by the monarch
decorated, ceremonial
to dissent
to differ in opinion, disagree; refuse to conform to the established church
a follower of the teachings of john calvin, a leader of the protestant reformation
to tolerate
to allow people to live, think, or worship according to their own beliefs
original sin
in traditional christian belief, the state of sin in which all humans live because Adam and Eve disobeyed God
a state of uncontrolled excitement
to duck
to plunge suddenly under water and out again
absolute monarch
a king, queen, emperor, or empress with unlimited power
untidy, dirty, careless in dress, appearance, and habits
to exalt
to place high in rank, honour, or power
to debase
to make low in rank, honour, or power
a cruel and unjust ruler or person
lacking ability
to ally
to combine with for a special purpose
to compromise
a way of solving a problem or ending an argument in which both people or groups accept that they cannot have everything they want
careless and lavish spending, wastefulness
a person or thing liked better than others, a person treated specially
to despise
to hate, to scorn, to deny respect
to alienate
to cause someone to become hostile or indifferent
ship money
There was always an English tax on port towns which required each town to pay for a mercenary vessel to protect it. Under Charles I, this was expanded so that inland towns paid as if they were also port towns so Charles got the money. It was deeply resented by the inland towns it affected.
tunnage and poundage
a customs duty or tax collected on the tons and pounds of goods coming into or leaving the country
to billet
to require homeowners to provide food and lodging for soldiers
a name showing a person's rank and position in life
court of stars chamber
a royal court in which people had no legal rights
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
seditious libel
false and malicious statements against the monarch, which are treasonous
a device consisting of a wooden board with holes for the head and arms, in whcih offenders were exposed to public scorn
writ of habeus corpus
court order that a prisoner be brought before the judge to determine whether or not he is guilty and is being punished correctly
a protestant church governed by elders
a difficult choice
crown jewels
jewels used but not owned by the royal family
citizens who are not regular soldiers, but who are trained to act as soldiers in times of emergency
lobster-tail helmet
a soldier's helmet with jointed plates on the back to protect the neck
blue laws
strict laws
a person who kills, or participates in the killing of, a king
test act
(1673) Law prohibiting Catholics and dissenters to hold political office.
to abdicate
to give up or renounce
unable to be taken or given away