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92 terms

CM Level 9

STUDY
PLAY
Modes
Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, Locrian
Ionian
C
Dorian
D
Phrygian
E
Lydian
F
Mixolydian
G
Aeolian
A
Locrian
B
Diatonic Half Step
Half step that is written using two different letter names
Chromatic Half Step
Half step that is written using the same letter name
Figured Bass Symbols for Major Scale
I ii iii IV V vi vii(dim)
Figured Bass Symbols for Minor Scale
i ii(dim) III(aug) iv V VI vii(dim)
Scale degree names
Tonic, Supertonic, Mediant, Subdominant, Dominant, Submediant, Leading Tone
Dominant Seventh Chord
Major triad with minor 3rd
Major Seventh Chord
Major triad with major 3rd
Minor Seventh Chord
Minor triad with minor 3rd
Half Diminished Seventh Chord
Diminished triad with major 3rd
Diminished Seventh Chord
Diminished triad with minor 3rd
Authentic Cadence
V-I
Plagal Cadence
IV-I
Half Cadence
Ends in V
Deceptive Cadence
V or IV-vi
Hemiola
When the meter changes from two pulses per measure to three pulses
Texture
How the voices are put together
Contrapuntal/Polyphonic Texture
Two or more parts of equal importance
Motive
Short group of notes used in a piece of music
Theme
An entire phrase of music which is the basis of the composition
Fugue
A style of composition in which three or more voices follow one another in an imitative manner
Subject (Fugue)
The main theme of the fugue; The first voice to enter
Countersubject (Fugue)
A different melody from the subject, which occurs at the same time as the subject
Exposition (Fugue)
The opening section, containing all voices in their entirety
Answer (Fugue)
The first occurrence of the transposed subject
Episode (Fugue)
A section in which the subject is not present, but instead is made up of new material, or motives based on the subject
Dances of the Baroque Suite
Allemande, Courante/Corrente, Sarabande, Optional Dances (Minuet, Bouree, Gavotte, Passepied, Polonaise, Anglaise, Loure, or Air), Gigue
Allemande
A dance in moderate 4/4 time of German origin, with a short upbeat
Courante
French dance in moderate 3/2 or 6/4 time, with frequent hemiola
Corrente
Italian dance in quick triple meter
Sarabande
A dance in slow triple meter and dignified style
Minuet
A French country dance in 3/4 meter
Bouree
A French dance, usually in quick duple meter
Gavotte
A French dance in moderate duple meter, with an upbeat of two quarter notes, and phrases usually beginning and ending in the middle of the measure
Passepied
A spirited dance in quick 3/8 or 6/8 meter
Polonaise
A Polish dance of stately and festive character, in moderate triple meter
Anglaise
A dance in fast duple meter, derived from the English country dance
Loure
Derived from term for bagpipe, dance in moderate 6/4 time with dotted rhythms and heavy downbeats
Air
A song with melodic characteristics
Gigue
Originated from English Jigs
French Gigue
In compound duple meter, fugal texture
Italian Giga
Quicker than French Gigue, non-fugal
Normal scheme for movements of a sonata
Allegro, Adagio, Scherzo/Minuet, Allegro/Presto
Allegro movement
Sonata Allegro form
Adagio movement
Binary or ternary form, in a different but related key to first movement
Scherzo/Minuet movement
Ternary form, in the same key as first movement
Allegro/Presto movement
Rondo form or variations, in the same key as first movement
Exposition
Theme 1 (Tonic) Theme 2 (Dominant/Related Key)
Development
Motives based on themes 1 and 2 are developed in various ways
Recapitulation
Theme 1 (Tonic) Theme 2 (Tonic)
Allargando
Broadening
Con Fuoco
With fire
Doloroso
Sorrowfully
Enharmonic
Two names for the same pitch
Giocoso
With humor
Gracioso
Gracefully
Molto
Much; very
Parallel Major/Minor
Major and minor with the same letter names
Pesante
Heavily
Piu
More
Rallentando
gradually slower
Relative Major/Minor
Major and minor with the same key signature
Ritenuto
Immediately Slower
Sempre
Always
Senza
Without
Smorzando
Dying away
Sostenuto
Sustained
Sotto voce
In a low voice
Toccata
A virtuoso piece common during the Baroque Period, written in free style with many scales and rapid passages
Tre Corde
Release the Una Corda pedal
Una Corda
Press soft pedal
Baroque
1600-1750
Classical
1750-1830
Romantic
1830-1900
Contemporary
1900-Present
Characteristics of Baroque Period
Polyphonic texture, use of ornamentation, improvisation, dance suite, music written for harpsichord, clavichord, and organ, terraced dynamics
Baroque Composers
Corelli, Purcell, Rameau, J.S. Bach, Frescobaldi, Handel, Kirnberger, Scarlatti, Soler, Telemann, Vivaldi
Characteristics of Classical Period
Homophonic texture, obvious cadence points, alberti bass, sonata form
Classical Composers
Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart, Clementi, Czerny, Diabelli, Kuhlau, J.C. Bach, C.P.E. Bach, Salieri
Characteristics of Romantic Period
Programme music, complicated harmonies, lyric melodies, complicated rhythms
Romantic Composers
Brahms, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Chopin, Dvorak, Field, Grieg, Heller, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann
Characteristics of Impressionism
Unclear tonalities, non-metric rhythms, musically blurred images, use of whole tone scales, pentatonic scales
Impressionist Composers
Debussy, Ravel, Griffes
Characteristics of Contemporary Period
Atonality, bitonality, polytonality, quartal harmony, irregular meters, polyphonic texture, neoclassical writing, serial/twelve-tone music
Contemporary Composers
Copland, Ives, Gershwin, Bartok, Britten, Della-Joio, Kabalevsky, Poulenc, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Stravinsky