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A style of composition in which three or more voices follow one another in an imitative manner
A different melody from the subject, which occurs at the same time as the subject
A section in which the subject is not present, but instead is made up of new material, or motives based on the subject
Dances of the Baroque Suite
Allemande, Courante/Corrente, Sarabande, Optional Dances (Minuet, Bouree, Gavotte, Passepied, Polonaise, Anglaise, Loure, or Air), Gigue
A French dance in moderate duple meter, with an upbeat of two quarter notes, and phrases usually beginning and ending in the middle of the measure
Derived from term for bagpipe, dance in moderate 6/4 time with dotted rhythms and heavy downbeats
A virtuoso piece common during the Baroque Period, written in free style with many scales and rapid passages
Characteristics of Baroque Period
Polyphonic texture, use of ornamentation, improvisation, dance suite, music written for harpsichord, clavichord, and organ, terraced dynamics
Corelli, Purcell, Rameau, J.S. Bach, Frescobaldi, Handel, Kirnberger, Scarlatti, Soler, Telemann, Vivaldi
Characteristics of Classical Period
Homophonic texture, obvious cadence points, alberti bass, sonata form
Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart, Clementi, Czerny, Diabelli, Kuhlau, J.C. Bach, C.P.E. Bach, Salieri
Characteristics of Romantic Period
Programme music, complicated harmonies, lyric melodies, complicated rhythms
Brahms, Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Chopin, Dvorak, Field, Grieg, Heller, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann
Characteristics of Impressionism
Unclear tonalities, non-metric rhythms, musically blurred images, use of whole tone scales, pentatonic scales
Characteristics of Contemporary Period
Atonality, bitonality, polytonality, quartal harmony, irregular meters, polyphonic texture, neoclassical writing, serial/twelve-tone music
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