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deep current

an ocean current formed when cold water flows underneath warm water

continental climate

A climate within a large continent without the modifying influence of water

maritime climate

A climate influenced by nearness to a sea or ocean


the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance

prevailing winds

winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of Earth

Thermohaline circulation

water circulation produced by differences in temperature and/or salinity (and therefore density)

El Nino

a warming of the ocean water along the western coast of South America

carbon sink

A natural environment that absorbs and stores more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it releases, which offsets greenhouse gas emissions.

climate zones

areas or regions where the climate is similar; factors such as latitude, mountains, and oceans affect what is found in the region

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