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Final Practice Psy Aaron
Terms in this set (83)
According to Allport, ___ traits tell us how people from a particular nation or culture are similar, or which traits a culture emphasizes.
Calvin has been on a "pleasure binge" for the last three days. He has cleaned out his bank account spending the money on anything that gains his attention. He would be described as loud, elated, and hyperactive. A week ago he was feeling like a failure and was withdrawn and unhappy. Calvin would most likely be diagnosed with
The idea that threatening thoughts are sometimes repressed would be of most interest to a
-have changed little over time
-have followers who avoid evidence that contradicts their beliefs
-give the appearances of science but are actually false.
A person who has trouble getting t o sleep is said to suffer from
When it is immediate
Reinforcement is most effective
Jimmy is about to eat supper when suddenly he has an irresistible, sudden attack of sleepiness, which is accompanied by several minutes of muscle paralysis. When Jimmy awakens; he finds that he has fallen face first into his large plate of spaghetti. Jimmy's "nap attack" is characteristic of which sleep disorder?
If you wear a particular tie and get teased and laughed at, you are less likely to wear the tie again. This illustrates
Acrophobia refers to fear of
In psychology, the term _____ is defined as an individual's unique and relatively stable patterns of thinking, feeling, behaving, and expressing feelings.
-are natural and rooted in biology
-can produce comfort or end discomfort.
Which approach would explain that phobias are acquired through classical conditioning and the hypochondriac's "sickness behavior" is reinforced by sympathy and attention?
If a personality test measures consistently every time it is given, we say that the test is
_____ psychologists attempt to explain our current behavior by looking back at human history to learn how natural selection and genetics affect us.
Which theory of personality was developed by Sigmund Freud?
None of these are true
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the length of most REM dreams?
A glandular secretion that affects body functions and behavior is known as
Sarah says that she feels "sick" all the time and has consulted many different doctors regarding her numerous physical complaints. However, no organic cause can be identified for any of these physical complaints. Sarah most likely has
In the _____ view of development, the core of personality is shaped by early learning experiences and by social reinforcement.
Which of the following is considered an anxiety disorder?
Reinforced by the sympathy and attention they get.
A behavioral therapist would explain the hypochondriac's "sickness behavior" as
The unconditioned stimulus, by definition, leads to an
is a temporary pattern associated with stress.
Compared to anxiety disorders, an adjustment disorder
a flexible and changing perception of personal identity.
According to Rogers, the self is
Delusions of Grandeur
"I'm a man 36 years of age. That, of course, gives me the 'capacity of the flag itself' and, therefore, gives me the 'capacity of the President of the U.S.A'." This statement shows the presence of which type of delusion?
An obsession is an unwanted_____, while a compulsion is an unwanted ______.
According to Freud, the ego often employs ____ ______ in order to reduce the anxieties resulting from an imbalance among the three parts of the personality.
robot-like or detached feeling sometimes associated with dissociative disorders.
Which of the following is NOT a risk factor that contributes to psychopathology?
According to Freud, which part of the personality operates on the pleasure principle?
What are examples of neurotransmitters?
scientific study of the behavior and mental processes
In any given year,_____ percent of the U.S. population suffers from a mood disorder.
A person with a ____ personality disorder would have an extremely unstable self-image, would be moody, extremely sensitive to any hint of criticism or rejection by others, and unable to form stable relationships.
If you wear a particular tie and get lots of compliments, you are likely to wear it more often. This illustrates
his patients lacked physical causes for their problems.
Freud became interested in the study of personality when he realized that
salivation to the bell
In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, the conditioned response was the
____ is achieved by watching and imitating the actions of another person or by noting the consequences of the person's actions.
the area of the mind that lies outside of personal awareness
As used by Freud, the unconscious refers to
All statements are true
Which of the following are TRUE regarding adjustment disorders and anxiety disorders?
The _____ approach to personality asserts that our personalities are shaped by the stories we tell about ourselves.
Operant conditioning is to Skinner as classical conditioning is to
The characteristics of social anxiety and evaluation fears represent basic features of _____ _________.
Aaron flexes his muscles as he shoots a basketball into the basket. His voluntary use of his muscles is controlled by which nervous system?
is classified as a psychoactive drug
A substance capable of altering attention, judgement, perception, and emotions
The "father of psychology" and founder of the first psychological laboratory was
are characterized by all of these statements.
Persons with paranoid psychosis
Which of the following is NOT part of a neuron?
Related to the passage of time.
All interval schedules of reinforcement are
Behavioral problems in which the person exhibits symptoms suggesting physical disease or injury, but for which there is no identifiable cause, are called _________.
All statements are true
Which of the following are TRUE regarding axons?
When trying to change a bad habit, if a person were to finally discover what is reinforcing an unwanted response and then removes, avoids, or delays this reinforcement, we would say this person has utilized the technique known as ______
Dendrites and Soma
Receptor sites on a neuron are primarily found on
The tendency of persons being surveyed to give polite or socially desirable answers is known as the
The 16 Personality Factor (16 PF) test was developed by
folk names for afflictions seen in other cultures.
Koro, Susto, and Zar are
the informational view
Gina likes to upset Tim by scratching her fingernails against the chalkboard as she enters their classroom. Now, whenever Gina enters a classroom that Tim is in, he automatically tenses up because he expects her to scratch the chalkboard. This explanation of Tim's behavior is consistent with
Correlations allow us to
Suicide rates decrease with advancing age.
Which of the following statements about patterns of suicide is FALSE?
Which of the following in NOT one of the four critical situations that Dollard and Miller believed to be capable of leaving a lasting imprint on personality?
Mutual-help approaches, like Alcoholics Anonymous.
The approach that has proved to be the most successful at helping alcoholics to stay sober is
analysis of body sensations
Which of the following is a major function of the primary somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex?
According to Freud, ____ consists of mental processes that deny, distort, or otherwise block out sources of threat and anxiety.
feeling of being anesthetized
Sensations during hypnosis include
The story of Sybil, a woman who had 16 separate personalities, illustrates multiple personality, which is a rare form of
Broca's area; Wernicke's area
_____ is involved in language production, while_______ is involved in language comprehension.
Waterloo Handedness Questionnaire
To assess the degree to which one is right-handed or left-handed, you would most likely use the______
Conditions of worth; fixations
According to humanistic theorists, barriers to personal growth include______, while psychoanalytic theorists view ______ as barriers to personal growth.
interviewers can be swayed by preconceptions
One of the limitations of face-to-face interviewing is that
_____ is a psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucination, apathy, and a "split" between thought and emotion.
The ____ is the highest functioning and largest brain area found in humans.
Which dream theorist believed that dreams are based on wish fulfillment with these unconscious desires and conflicts being disguised as dream symbols?
Operant conditioning involves which of the following?
Signals from the environment which are associated with rewards
In Dollard and Miller's learning theory of personality, cues are
The _____ System is the emergency system and is also known as the "fight or flight" system because of its importance in responding to emotional events.
Stage 4 of NREM
As a sleep researcher is monitoring you, he notices that your brain waves are showing almost all delta waves. He awakens you at this point, and you awaken in a complete state of confusion. You are most likely in which stage of sleep?
Which of the following drugs can result in psychological dependence, but is not physically addicting?
Which of the following coefficients of correlation indicates the STRONGEST relationship between two set of variables?
Myelin covers which part of the neuron?
Chelsea shops in the mall at least twice a week and attends her son's basketball games.
Three to four times a year, Chelsea has a panic attack. What additional information would suggest that Chelsea has panic disorder without agoraphobia?
REM Sleep and NREM sleep
The two most basic states of sleep are
The process of fully developing personal potentials is referred to as
alternating episodes of depression and hypomania
In general, anxiety-related problems involve all of the following EXCEPT
When confronted with stressful events, Bobby keeps a positive outlook, does what he can to control the stressors, and tries to see the situation as a learning experience. Bobby is best described as:
Unaware that Karen is working 40 hours a week, Dr. Johnson, her psychology instructor, thinks that Karen is lazy because she has not done her homework. Dr. Johnson's thinking BEST exemplifies:
What is the Valence-Arousal-Dominance model? And how does it explain which emotions are effective in spreading misinformation?
people's opinions and beliefs about other people, objects, and ideas, and how they feel about the world.
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Thom still believes that the congresswoman is an honest person even after she is arrested and sent to jail. Thom is now experiencing a. framing b. intuition. c. insight. d. belief perseverance. e. confirmation bias.
Explain the differences among stimulation value, utility value, and ego-support value.
Match the term below with its correct definition. altered state of consciousness A. breathing interruption that occurs during sleep B. the inability to sleep C. drug that increases the activity of the nervous system D. drug that slows the activity of the nervous system E. a system that provides information about something happening in the body F. sleep stage characterized by irregular breathing increased blood pressure, and faster heart rate G. method some people use to try to narrow their consciousness so that stresses of the outside world fade away H. a state of consciousness in which a person's sense of self or sense of the world changes I. awareness of things inside and outside ourselves J. the removal of a harmful substance from the body K. after a person takes a drug for a while, the body craves it to feel normal L. a feeling of great happiness or well-being
Hans Selye argued that our bodies produce a similar reaction to all kind of stress, and the longer this response continues, the more exhausted we become. e named this process a. the opponent-process theory. b. systematic disensitization. c. the general adaptation syndrome. d. the global assessment of functioning. e. triarhic intelligence.