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the belief that one's greatest loyalty should not be to a king or an empire but to a nation of people who share a common culture and history
the region that includes all or part of present-day Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey, and the former Yugoslavia
the emperor who built railroads, encouraged industrialization, and promoted an ambition program of public works
the son of Nicholas who decided to move Russia towards modernization and social change, he and his advisors believes that through reforms, Russia would compete with western Europe for world power
Camillo di Cavour
a wealthy, middle-aged aristocrat, who worked tirelessly to expand Piedmont-Sardinia's power, who was appointed to prime minister of King Emmanuel II
a bold and romantic soldier, who led a small army of Italian nationalists to capture Italy
Otto von Bismarck
a master of realpolitik, who was chosen by Wilhelm, to help him solve his problems with Parliament
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