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a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word.
ie: therm + o + meter = thermometer
word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning.
ie: tachy (rapid, fast) + pnea (breathing) = tachypnea (rapid breathing)
word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning.
ie: hemophilia (blood disease) + -iac (a person who fits these conditions) = hemophiliac (a person suffering blood disease)
an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.
away from the head; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head (ie: the lips are inferior to the nose)
four divisions in the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury; the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the right lower quadrant (RLQ) and the left lower quadrant (LLQ).
Organs located in the right lower quadrant
Right Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to right leg, Ureter, Appendix, Bladder
Organs located in the left lower quadrant
Left Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to left leg, Ureter, Bladder
Fowler position; semi-Fowler position
a sitting position at 90 degrees; a sitting position at 45 degrees.
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