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Emergency Care, 12th Edition Chapter 5, part 1 Page 93


a word formed from two or more whole words.
ie: small + pox = smallpox


foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own.
ie: "therm-" means "heat"

combining form

a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word.
ie: therm + o + meter = thermometer


word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning.
ie: tachy (rapid, fast) + pnea (breathing) = tachypnea (rapid breathing)


word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning.
ie: hemophilia (blood disease) + -iac (a person who fits these conditions) = hemophiliac (a person suffering blood disease)


the study of body structure.


the study of body function.

anatomical position

body standing erect, palms facing forward.


an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.


toward the midline of the body.


to the side, away from the midline of the body.


on both sides. (see "lateral")

mid-axillary line

a line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.


the front of the body or body part. (ventral)


the back of the body or body part.


referring to the front of the body, synonym for anterior


referring to the back of the body, synonym for posterior


toward the head (ie: the chest is superior to the abdomen)


away from the head; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head (ie: the lips are inferior to the nose)


closer to the torso


farther away from the torso


trunk of the body; the body without the head or extremities


referring to the palm of the hand.

mid-clavicular line

the line through the center of each clavicle.


referring to the sole of the foot

abdominal quadrants

four divisions in the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury; the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the right lower quadrant (RLQ) and the left lower quadrant (LLQ).

Organs located in the right upper quadrant

Liver, Right Kidney, Colon, Pancreas, Gallbladder

Organs located in the left upper quadrant

Liver, Spleen, Left Kidney, Stomach, Colon, Pancreas

Organs located in the right lower quadrant

Right Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to right leg, Ureter, Appendix, Bladder

Organs located in the left lower quadrant

Left Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to left leg, Ureter, Bladder

supine position

patient laying on their back.

prone position

patient laying on their abdomen.

recovery position

a person laying on their side. (lateral recumbant)

Fowler position; semi-Fowler position

a sitting position at 90 degrees; a sitting position at 45 degrees.

Trendelenburg position

a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head.

thyroid cartilage

largest cartilage of larynx; Adam's apple

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