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36 terms

Medical Terminology & Anatomical Terms

Emergency Care, 12th Edition Chapter 5, part 1 Page 93
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compound
a word formed from two or more whole words.
ie: small + pox = smallpox
root
foundation of a word that is not a word that can stand on its own.
ie: "therm-" means "heat"
combining form
a word root with an added vowel that can be joined with other words, roots, or suffixes to form a new word.
ie: therm + o + meter = thermometer
prefix
word part added to the beginning of a root or word to modify or qualify its meaning.
ie: tachy (rapid, fast) + pnea (breathing) = tachypnea (rapid breathing)
suffix
word part added to the end of a root or word to complete its meaning.
ie: hemophilia (blood disease) + -iac (a person who fits these conditions) = hemophiliac (a person suffering blood disease)
anatomy
the study of body structure.
physiology
the study of body function.
anatomical position
body standing erect, palms facing forward.
midline
an imaginary line drawn down the center of the body, dividing it into right and left halves.
medial
toward the midline of the body.
lateral
to the side, away from the midline of the body.
bilateral
on both sides. (see "lateral")
mid-axillary line
a line drawn vertically from the middle of the armpit to the ankle.
anterior
the front of the body or body part. (ventral)
posterior
the back of the body or body part.
ventral
referring to the front of the body, synonym for anterior
dorsal
referring to the back of the body, synonym for posterior
superior
toward the head (ie: the chest is superior to the abdomen)
inferior
away from the head; usually compared with another structure that is closer to the head (ie: the lips are inferior to the nose)
proximal
closer to the torso
distal
farther away from the torso
torso
trunk of the body; the body without the head or extremities
palmar
referring to the palm of the hand.
mid-clavicular line
the line through the center of each clavicle.
plantar
referring to the sole of the foot
abdominal quadrants
four divisions in the abdomen used to pinpoint the location of a pain or injury; the right upper quadrant (RUQ), the left upper quadrant (LUQ), the right lower quadrant (RLQ) and the left lower quadrant (LLQ).
Organs located in the right upper quadrant
Liver, Right Kidney, Colon, Pancreas, Gallbladder
Organs located in the left upper quadrant
Liver, Spleen, Left Kidney, Stomach, Colon, Pancreas
Organs located in the right lower quadrant
Right Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to right leg, Ureter, Appendix, Bladder
Organs located in the left lower quadrant
Left Kidney, Colon, Small Intestines, Major artery and vein to left leg, Ureter, Bladder
supine position
patient laying on their back.
prone position
patient laying on their abdomen.
recovery position
a person laying on their side. (lateral recumbant)
Fowler position; semi-Fowler position
a sitting position at 90 degrees; a sitting position at 45 degrees.
Trendelenburg position
a position in which the patient's feet and legs are higher than the head.
thyroid cartilage
largest cartilage of larynx; Adam's apple