Boss: The leader's personality and behaviroal preferred tyle- based on experience, expectation, values, and confidence in the subordinates. Some are more autocratic and others more participative.
Subordinates: The followers' preferred style fro the leader is based on personality and behavior, as with the leader.
Situation(Time): The environment considerations, such sa the organization's size struture, climate, goals, and technology, are considered in selecting a leadership style.
Time: It takes more time to make participative decisions. Thus, when there is no time to include followers in decision making, the leader uses an autocratic leadership style.
1. The leader provide high structure. Apporiate when the followers want authority leadership and have external locus of control, and when teh follower ability is low. It is lso appropriate when the environmental task is complex or ambiguous, formal authority is strong, and the work group provides job satisfaction.
2. Leader provides high consideration. Appropriate when the followers do not want autocratic leadership and have internal locus of control, and when follower ability is high. Appropriate when the environmental tasks are simple, formal authority is weak, and the work group does not provide job satisfcation.
3. Leader includes employee input into decision making. Appropriate when followers want to be invovled and have internal locus of control, and when follower ability is high; enviornmentl taks is complex, authority is either strong or weak, the job satisfcation from coworkers is either high or low.
4. Leader sets difficult but achievable goals, expects followers to perform at their highest level, and rewards them for doing so. IN essence, the leader provides both high directive (structure) and high supportive (consideration) behavior. The leader makes the job challenging. Appropriate when followers are open to autocractic leadership and have external locus of control, follower ability is high; environmental task is simple, authority is strong, and job satiscation from co workers is either low or high.