the attempts by any artist, craftsperson, shaman, or any human to put their mark on something, to announce their existence in the world
being educated in the language and terminology of the visual arts
The art of evaluating or analyzing with knowledge and propriety works of art or literature; to consider the merits and demerits of and judge accordingly
Height by width; a flat surface
Height by width by depth
The flat, two-dimensional surface of a work of art, the "window"
The aspect of composition on a two-dimensional plane in which a three-dimesional space is depicted. The illusion of depth on a 2-D suface.
The organization or arrangement of the formal elements in a work of art
Any materials used to create a work of art-the paint, pastel, graphite, clay, paper, bronze, etc.
3 Components of Art
Form, Content, & Process
The literal shape, mass, appearance, and look, of an object or figure.How the materials come together to make a work of art
The meaning of an image beyond its subject matter
How the work was created, the materials and media used (the paint, pastels, clay, bronze, paper, etc.) Also, the techniques and skills used to create work.
Literally the subject of an artwork-what the work is about
In any kind of creative endeavor, it is the story of what is being depicted, sung, described, written about
The rendering of images and objects in a stylized or simplified way, yet they remain recognizable; the formal or expressive aspects are emphasized
The quality or state of being the "truth". In the visual arts, this means that something looks life-like, or "real".
The quality that makes a work of art appear close to or resemble the natural world-it looks 'real' whatever that is. In general, this term is synonymous with representational.
Resembles something from the natural and visual world around us, that is, the world of natural appearance.
An artwork that is realist also resembles the natural world, but once again, realism is a general term and exists on a continuum.
Artists have their own unique manner of visual expression that is distinct from others
The use of symbols to represent the invisible, intangible, or abstract
an area of art history that involves the study and interpretation of images and symbols. Every culture is different and must be viewed within the context of the culture
Emphasizes the emotional and psychological content of the work. In general, to do this, artists often distort and personally interpret the formal tools like line and color
Ex. if art is a 3-D paper sculpture that is painted and drawn on to make more interesting
Any sort of natural or manufactured object that is not made by the artist but found by them and put into their artwork
Pertaining to the study and appreciation of the beautiful, and by extension, to the appreciation of any form of art. these are shaped by experience, culture, time, and place
The visual tools an artist uses to create a work of art
Literally, analyzing the form of the art work. taking inventory of all the tools used by an artist
The production of art
Considering art & creative production from a historical point of view; drawing conclusions about artworks that are related culturally in time & place
Objectively considering the successes and/or failures of a work of art and judging it as successful
Studying the jargon and language attached to the making of artworks. learning how to critically view artworks and accept the successes and weaknesses
A mark left by a moving point, actual or implied, and varying in direction, thickness, and density. Is the most basic tool available to an artist, sculptor, or architect
area of emphasis
Direct the eye into and through the composition
frame the composition in some way
Parallel lines placed close together or far apart to create the illusion of darkness or lightness
Placing lines at cross-angles to each other to build up areas of darkness
The edge of a shape or figure depicted by an actual line drawn or painted on a flat 2-D surface
The perceived line that marks the border of an object in space
Define form, create focal point, framing device, directional, and stops the eye.
Demonstrate strength, they're stable, they're a visual stopping point, in a sense they are inactive, they are direct, and they are the position of life (upright & life-affirming)
Are constantly moving, they are full of energy, they are unstable, they move the eye (perhaps pull it) quickly through a composition, and they are emotional and dramatic because they are constantly moving
Is not a literal line, but one that is composed of multiple elements arranged to suggest a line
Elements of Art
Line, color, shape & mass, space, value/light, texture, pattern, and time & motion
Principles of Design
balance, emphasis & focal point, scale & proportion, repetition & rhythm, and unity & variety
energetic, organic, can establish a rhythm to the composition, and move the viewer's eye throughout the composition.
is either implied (an illusion) or it is a real component in the artwork
In 2-D artworks, light is expressed as value which is the relative lightness or darkness in color or black and white
the manipulation of light & dark (shadow) to show dimensionality
Hatching & Cross-Hacting
A series of parallel lines & cross-parallel lines. In drawing (or printmaking, which is drawing on a hard plate), hatching & cross-hatching are ways that an artist builds up areas of shading to create form & dimensionality
Italian for " light and shadow." A technique whereby value (areas of light and dark) are used to simulate the effects of light and shadow on a 2-D surface
Occurs when white is added to color
Occurs when black is added to color
Occurs when grey is added to color
An extreme use of shading (chiaroscuro) used for the purpose to enhance, the drama, the tension, the seriousness, & the movement of a composition
a function of light (on light-sensitive film)
Film & TV
functions of light
Light & 3D Works
Light determines the way sculpture & architecture are seen by viewers and light can have symbolic qualities in connection to architecture
Artists Who Use Light as Their Medium
James Turrell, Cai Guo-Qiang, and Krzysztof Wodiczko
Aspect of Color
Hue, value, saturation, and temperature
Visual Qualities About Color Temperature
Warm, cool, and complements
Kinds of Palettes
Triadic, monochromatic, analogous, and complementary
Broad range of colors from wheel
Limited range of colors
technique whereby the artist paints dots of color next to each other and the viewer's eye must mix them
colors as they are in nature; an apple is red, a tree is green in the summer
color as interpreted by the artist for expressive purposes