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50 terms

Final Exam Review

STUDY
PLAY
Marbury v. Madison
asserts the power of judicial review
Dred Scott v. Sandford
reflects dual federalism; slaves could not be taken away without due process;
Gibbons v. Ogden
asserts Congressional control over interstate commerce
Plessy v. Ferguson
"separate but equal"
McCulloch v. Maryland
necessary and proper clause allowed the creation of the US Bank; "the power to tax involves the power to destroy"
US v. Nixon
executive privilege did not apply with the Watergate Tapes
1st Amendment
freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly
2nd Amendment
right to keep and bare arms
3rd Amendment
no quartering of troops
4th Amendment
no illegal search and seizure
5th Amendment
eminent domain, double jeopardy, due process, self incrimination
6th Amendment
right to a fair and speedy trial
7th Amendment
right to a jury of your peers
8th Amendment
no cruel and unusual punishment
10th Amendment
reserved powers of the states
12th Amendment
election of the president; presidential ticket; electoral college
14th Amendment
equal protection under the law; due process
17th Amendment
direct election of senators
20th Amendment
lame duck; January 20th begins presidency
22nd Amendment
2 terms; 10 years total for the presidency
25th Amendment
presidential succession and disability
26th Amendment
YOUR VOTE COUNTS!!!!
conservatism
limited government ensures order, competitive markets, personal opportunity
liberalism
belief in the positive uses of government to bring about justice and equality of opportunity
constitutionalism
checks and balances; separation of powers; federalism; rule of law; due process; bill of rights
socialism
economic and governmental system based on public ownership of the means of production and exchange
federalism
constitutional arrangment...division of power between national, state, local government
bicameralism
2-House legislature
judicial activism
judges interpret the Constitution to reflect current conditions and values (Sotomayor)
libertarianism
sharply limited government, individual liberty, free market economy
Article I
The Legislative Branch; Congress
Article II
The Executive Branch; the President
Article III
The Judiciary
Article IV
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Article V
Amending the Constitution
Article VI
The Supremacy Clause
Article VII
Ratification of the Constitution
Article I, Section 8
enumerated powers of Congress
Elastic Clause
Necessary and proper clause (implied powers)
Concurrent powers
Those shared by the national and state governments
Reserved powers
Those powers not mentioned in the Constitution are reserved for the states; 10th Amendment
Federalist #10
factions; need for a Republican form of government
Federalist #51
separation of powers/checks and balances
President
35 years old, natural born citizen, 14 years residency prior to running for office
Senator
30 years old, 9 year citizen, 6 year term
Representative
25 years old, 7 year citizen, 2 year term
$400,000
president's salary
53
number of representatives (districts) in CA
270
# of electoral votes needed to win presidential election
3
least number of electoral votes a state can have