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14 terms

Chapter 22 Heredity (lesson 1

STUDY
PLAY
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring. All organisms pass information about traits to their children.
Gene
A section of DNA that carries a trait. Each DNA molecule has thousands of genes.
Chromosome
A rod-shaped structure that contains DNA and is found in the nucleus of a cell
Genetics
The study of heredity
Environment
An organism's surroundings
Mutation
A change in a gene. They can cause problems in humans and other organisms.
Base
A molecule found in DNA that is used to code information
DNA
Material in each chromosome that contains an organism's genes. Each DNA molecule in a cell makes one chromosome. LArge molecule shaped likea twisted ladder. The rungsof the ladder are made of four bases.
Replicate
To make a copy of.
Mitosis
The process that results in two cells identical to the parent cells. The division of the nucleus into two new nuclei. Following mitosis the whole cell divides.
Diversity
The range of differences fround among the members of a population.
Adaptation
A change or adjustment that makes an organism better able to survive in its environment.
Gamete
Sex cell. Males produce sperm cells, females egg cells. Each gamete has only one-half of the chromosomes found in the organism's body cells. When the gametes join they form a cell that has a complete set of chromosomes.
Meiosis
The process that results in sex cells. The chrmosomes are copied in the parent cell. The cell divides into two new cells. Each new cells divides again. One parent cell results in four new sex cells. Each sex cell contains one-half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell.