Information Technology Chapter 1
Terms in this set (51)
Software that can preform useful work such as word processing, cost estimating, or accounting tasks. the user primarily interacts with application software.
Applications known as productivity applications; common task software, such as browsers, word processors, spreadsheets, databases, managment systems, and presentation
Hardware that allows computers to talk to other computers; modems, network cards, WI-Fi.
Widely used optical disk format also known as a CD
Becoming profecient in computer-related skills.
Data and information sent over telephone or cable lines and through the the air so that computers can talk to each other and share information.
Raw unprocessed facts that are input into a computer system.
File containing highly structured and organized data created a management programs.
Computer small enough to fit on top or along the side of a desk and yet too big to carry around.
The special program assoiciated with a device that allows communication between the operating system and the device.
Similar to CD-ROMs except that more data can be packed into the same amount of space also called digital versatile disc or digital video disk.
File created by a word processor.
Person who uses mircocomputers or has acess to larger computers.
Flash Memory Card
A solid-state storage device widely used in notebook computers that is also used to capture and transer data .
Enclosed drive containing one or more metallic disks, that use magnetic charges to record data and have large storage capacities.
Equipment that includes a keyboard, monitor, printer, the computer itself, and other devices.
Hi Def Disc
The next generation of optical disc, which offers increased stroage capacities.
Data that has been processed (manipulated) by a computer system.
Collection of hardware, software, people, data, and procedures that work together to provide information essential to running an organiztaion.
Computer and communication technologies, such as communication links to the internet, that provide help and understanding to the end user.
Equipment that translates data into a form a computer can process, such as mouse and keyboard.
The largest physical network of computers.
This computer can process serveral million program instruction per second. Sizeable organizations rely on these room-size systems to handle large programs and a great deal of data.
Media Center System Unit
This is a desktop system with specialized graphics cards for interfacing with televisions and other home entertainment devices.
This is the holding area for data instructions and information.
Small, low-cost computer designed for individaul users. These include desktop, notebook, and personal digital assistant computers.
Refrigerator-sized machines falling between microcomputers and mainframes in processing speed and data-storing capacity. Also call Midrange computers.
Short for modulator-demodulator. It translates electronic signals from a computer into electronic signals that can travel over telephone lines.
Output device like television screen that displays data processed by the computer.
Device that typicaly rolls on the desktop and directs the cursor on the display screen.
A type of microcomputer that is smaller, lighter, and less expensive than a notebook computer.
The arrangement in which various communications channels are connected through two or more computers.
Portable computer, also known as a laptop computer, weighing between 4 or 10 pounds.
Software that interacts between applications software and the computer.
Storage device that use lasers are used to record and read data on the disc.
Equipment that translates processed information from the central processing unit into a from that can be understood by humans.
Personal Digital Assistant
PDA is a device that combines pen input, writing recognition, personal orgainzational tools, and communication capabilitys in a very small package.
A file that contains audience handouts, speaker notes, and electronic slides.
Device that produces paper output.
Rules or guidelines to follow when using hardware, software, and data.
Instructions for the computer to follow to process data.
Random Access Memory
Volatile, temporary storage that holds the program and data the CPU is presently processing. (RAM)
Permanent storage used to preserve programs and data that can be retained after the computer is turned off.
A type of cell phone that offers a variety of advanced functionality, including Internet and e-mail.
Computer program consisting of step-by-step instructions, directing the computer on each task it will preform.
Designed to be connected inside a microcomputer system and contains solid-state memory instead of magnetic disks to store data. (SSD)
A secondary storage device that has no moving parts.
Programs that are narrowly focused on specific disciplines and occupations.
Fastest calculating device ever invented, processing billions of program instructions per second.
Software, that consists of the operating system, utilities, device drivers, and language translators. It works with application software to handle the majority of technical details.
Also known as the system cabinet or chassis. it is the container that houses most of the electronic components that make up the computer system.