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24 terms

RNUR 126 Chapter 6 Key Terms

KEY TERMS
STUDY
PLAY
advocacy
protection and support of another's rights
autonomy
self-determination; being independent and self-governing
beneficence
principle of doing good
bioethcis
ethics that encompass all those perspectives that seek to understand human nature and behavior, the domain of social science, and the natural world
care-based approach
approach to bioethics that directs attention to the specific situations of individual patients viewed within the context of their life narrative
clinical ethics
branch of bioethics concerned with ethical problems that arise within the context of caring for patients
code of ethics
principles that reflect the primary goals, values, and obligations of the profession
deontologic
ethical system in which actions are right or wrong independent of the consequences they produce
ethical agency
the ability to behave in an ethical way; to do the ethically right thing because it is the right thing to do
ethical dilemma
situation that arises when attempted adherence to basic ethical principles results in two conflicting courses of action
ethical distress
occurrence when the nurse knows the right thing to do but either personal or institutional factors make it difficult to follow the correct course of action
ethics
system dealing with standards of character and behavior related to what is right and wrong
feminist ethics
type of ethical approach that aims to critique existing patterns of oppression and domination in society, especially as these affect women and the poor
fidelity
keeping promises and commitments made to others
justice
process that distributes benefits, risks, and costs fairly
morals
like ethics, concerned with what constitutes right action; more informal and personal than the term ethics
nonmaleficence
principle of avoiding evil
nursing ethics
a subset of bioethics; formal study of ethical issues that arise in the practice of nursing and of the analysis used by nurses to make ethical judgments
paternalism
an action that is based on what a parent would do
principle-based approach
an approach to bioethics that offers specific action guides
utilitarian
action-guiding theory of ethics that states that the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the consequences of the action
values
set of beliefs that are meaningful in life and that influence relationships with others
value system
organization of values ranked along a continuum of importance
values clarification
process by which people come to understand their own values and value system