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Biology, what is life? A guide to biology. Chapter 5
Chapter 5 study
Terms in this set (61)
Gene make up about _____ of DNA
There are different _____ molecules for each of twnety different amiono acids that are used in bulinding protiens
One base pair is changed / best one to have
An entire section of the chromosome is altered
A circular peice of DNA that can be incorporated into the genome of bacterium
Biotechnology has litmited succese in curing diseases T or F?
The age of the gene
Genetic issues are constantly in the news like discoveries
Also modern manipulation of DNA haing an impact in human health and agrculture
Carries the amino acids to the ribosome during protein synthesis
A DNA probe binds to a particular target DNA bases upon which principle
Complementary base to it. Base paring.
Is a product of genetically identical cells, organisms, or DNA molecules
During transcription, at the point where DNA strands being copied has an adenine ______ is added to the mRNA
What are the short tandem repeats ?
Sequence of DNA that repeats over and over again
The traits is influenced by the gene, independent from the environment T or F?
Deletions are more likely to cause mistranslation of proteins because they shift the reading frame and cause downstream amino acid to be changed T or F?
Could help 250,000 children a year at risk of blindness due to vitamin A deficiency
The technique often used in forensics
Is a sequence of bases in a DNA molecule
Is the alternate version of a gene that codes for the same feature
Order of events that occurs when DNA gene is being used to make RNA in a eukaryotic cell
Recognize and bind, transcribe, terminate, capping and editing.
A DNA pair
Cytosine and guanine
In the lac operon, what occurs in the presence of lactose ?
Lactose binds to the receptors protein, allowing RNA polymerase to bind to the operator, and transcription occurs.
Mutation that causes mistranslation of protein because they shift the reading frame and cause downstream amino acid to be changed
Polymerase chain reaction
How many RNA can be transcribed from a single DNA ?
A regulatory gene can located with ?
A nucleotide unit of a DNA has three components
A phosphate group, a sugar , a nitrogen containing base.
GCA Translates too
In order for translation to occur
There must be large numbers of free amino acids present in the cytoplasm.
Is DNA involved in translation T or F.
Is DNA involved in transcription T or F ?
Transcription is a synonym for
Primary product in transcription of eukaryotic genes
RNA polymerase catalyzes the synthesis of
RNA from DNA
Mistakes arise as long strands of DNA are duplicated themselves
Radiation induced mutation
Energy disrupts atomic structures and break parts chromosomes
Chemical induced mutation
Chemicals react with atoms in DNA modules and induce mutation
Another word for non coding DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid ( DNA )
a nucleic acid that carries info in the sequence of its nucleotides bases, about the productions of particular proteins.
One of four types of biological macromolecules, involved in info storage and transfer. The nucleic acid DNA and RNA store genetic info in the unique sequence of nucleotides.
A molecule containing a phosphate group, a sugar molecule, a nitrogen containing molecule. They are individual units that together, in a unique sequence, constitute a nucleic acid .
One of the nitrogen containing Side chain molecules attached to a sugar molecule in the sugar phosphate backbone of DNA and RNA .
Adenine (A) thymine (T) guanine (G) cytosine (C)
Adenine (A) uracil (U) guanine (G) cytosine (C)
In genetics, the base sequence of a gene, info encoded within the genetic info can be translated into proteins
The full set of DNA present in an individual organism, also can refer to the full set of DNA present in a species.
A linear or circular strand of DNA on which are found specific sequence of bases pairs.
How many chromosomes do humans have ?
Any characteristic or feature of an organism, such as red petal color in a flower
Non coding region of DNA
The prices by which a gene's base sequence is copied to mRNA
The process by which mRNA, which encodes a gene's base sequence, directs the production of protein.
The manifested structures, function, and behavior of an individual.
The ribonucleic acid that reads the sequence for a gene in DNA and then carries the info from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, where the next stage of the protein synthesis will take place.
Steps from gene to protein
Transcription , translation.
Part of the DNA molecule that indicates where the sequence of base pairs that makes up a gene begins
This binds to the promoter region in a gene
The two structural parts of a ribosome, which function together to translate mRNA to build a chain of amino acids that will make up a protein
Transfer RNA ( tRNA )
The type of RNA molecule in the cytoplasm that links specific triplet base sequence on mRNA to specific amino acids.
The construction of a protein from its constituent amino acids by the processes of transcription and translation
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