82 terms

Rucker Chapter 4

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Terms in this set (...)

Amendment
Changes to the constitution
Limited government
Framers created this, and it made certain that the government would have only those powers granted by the people
Fugitive slave clause
Requires the northern states to agree to return slaves back to the south
Framers
55 white men who help frame our constitution today
Enumerated powers
One of three government powers on the constitution. This power belongs ONLY to the federal government. These include powers to coin money, regulate interstate and foreign trade, maintain the armed force, and create federal courts
Necessary and proper clause
One of 18 enumerated powers of congress. This is also known as the elastic clause, and it is expanding powers to better fit society. Examples are cars, trains, TV's, etc.
Implied powers
Powers not specifically defined in the constitution
James Madison
A Virginia planter who is Known as the 'father of the constitution' because he was the author of the basic plan of government that the convention adopted
Impeach
To bring formal charges against; to accuse
Electoral college
This is the group of people who actually elect the president/Vice President (ASK)
Concurrent powers
The third set of powers defined by the constitution, and these are powers shared by the state and federal governments. Among these powers are the right to raise taxes, borrow money, and provide for public welfare
Supremacy clause
This is part of the constitution. It states that federal law is the "supreme law of the land." Also, when state and federal laws come into conflict, the federal law wins, and this is the _________ ________.
Pardon
AN EXCUSE FROM PUNISHMENT an excuse for a wrongdoing or foul action, or forgiveness of an error
Treason
The crime of betraying ones county by trying to overthrow the government, or providing aid and comfort to the enemy.
Federalism
Sharing power between the federal and state governments; is one of the distinctive features of the U.S. Government
Legislative branch
Their job is to make laws. This is established in Article I of the constitution. This branch is also known as the law making branch of the government. The congress of the United States is comprised of the House of Representatives and the senate
Executive branch
Established in article II of the constitution, and this branch is headed by the president, to carry out the nations laws. The president serves as commander in chief of the armed forces and. Conducts relations with other countries
Judicial branch
Established in article III of the constitution, and this branch is also known as a court system of the United States. The nations _______ _______ resides in "one Supreme Court" and any other lower federal courts that congress might establish
Checks and balances
To keep one branch from gaining too much power, the framers built in a system of ________ ____ ________.
Separation of powers
To prevent any single group in government from gaining too much authority, the framers divided the federal government into three branches. Each branch has its own functions and powers
Preamble
This is the beginning of the constitution. Where the 6 goals are mentioned
Census
The name given to the event of the counting of the people to determine representation in the house. This occurs every 10 years
Quorum
The minimum number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at its meetings to make the proceedings valid.
veto
a president's ability to shut down a law
pocket veto
when congress signs a bill and the president does not sign off on it after 10 days, the bill is automatically vetoed, and is NOT A law.
senate
the higher class of congress that has 100 members (2 from each state) who make laws.
naturilization
process to become a citizen
president pro tompore
(senator orin hatch R-UT) the person who is in charge of the senate when the V.P. is absent
congressional immunity
Allows the members of Congress to openly speak their mind without fear of punishment.
inauguration
ceremony in which the President takes an oath for office
Vice-President
the second level of presidency that is the president of the senate
President
the chief executer in the executive branch who enforces law and is in charge of the military
Chief Justice
head of the judicial branch at the national level
supreme court
the highest court in the U.S. in the Judicial branch that has 9 judges
Washington D.C.
the location of the three branches of government
presidential oath
the oath a president must take before office to promise that he will protect people's rights and the constitution
independence hall
the building in Philadelphia where the constitutional convention took place
the national archives
where the DOI and the constitution are preserved inside a vault in washington d.c.
state of union address
a yearly report by the president to congress describing the nation's condition and recommending programs and policies
commander in chief
Powers of the president
House of Representatives
the lower house of congress that makes laws and has representatives based on a state's population
Speaker of the House, Paul Ryan
This is the title given to the chief officer of the House of Representatives.
Ted Lieu (D-CA)
What member of the house represents the South Bay?
Diplomatic powers
What is the power that has to do with relations with another country
Commander in chief of the army and navy
What is the military power of the president?
Sign and veto bills, and call congress together for special law making sessions.
What is the legislative powers of the president?
To carry out the laws, and to make appointments to the federal courts
What are the judicial powers of the president?
Grant pardons, and make appointments to the executive branch
What are the executive powers of the president
To make treaties, and to appoint ambassadors to foreign countries
What are the two diplomatic powers the president has?
Paul Ryan (R)
Who is currently the speaker of the house?
Joe Biden
Who is currently the president of the senate?
Orin Hatch
Who is the president pro tempore of the senate?
Andrew Johnson & Bill Clinton
How many U.S. presidents have been impeached? And what are their names?
Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein
Who are the two U.S. senators representing California
John Roberts
Who is the Chief Justice?
senate
each state only has two members (S or H)
house
to qualify, a person must be a citizen for 7 years (S or H)
senate & house
They vote on bills (S or H)
house
A candidate must be 25 yrs. old (S or H)
house
It would allow one representative for every 40,000 (S or H)
senate
Members serve a term of six years (S or H)
senate & house
Two-thirds of them are required to override the President's veto (S or H)
senate
They must approve the Presidents choice for Supreme Court justice (S or H)
senate
A person must be a citizen for 9 years to qualify to become one (S or H)
senate & house
They are members of congress (S or H)
house
They serve a term of 2 years (S or H)
house
This has the most members (S or H)
senate & house
Bills can start here (S or H)
senate
It's candidates must be at least 30 years old (S or H)
House
They choose a speaker as their leader (S or H)
Philadelphia
Where is the independence hall located?
Extradition
What is the term that refers to a state or country handing an accused criminal back to a state or country.
Appellate jurisdiction
The Supreme Court primarily has _______ jurisdiction
Juries
District court is the only court that uses ______.
District
All cases involving federal laws are tried in the _______ court.
The 1st article
What article of the constitution was the legislate branch discussed?
The 2nd article
What article of the constitution was the executive branch discussed?
The 3rd article
What article of the constitution was the judicial branch discussed?
The 4th article
What article of the constitution was the relationships between the states mentioned?
The 5th article
What article of the constitution was the amendment process mentioned?
The 6th article
What article of the constitution was the supremely clause mentioned in?
The 7th article (the last article)
What article of the constitution was ratification discussed?