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56 terms

Constitution Flash Cards

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What was the name of the United States first form of Government?
Articles of Confederation
Why was America's first form of government a failure?
Because the states fought
What was the goal of the Constitutional Convention?
To find a new government
What was the 3/5th Compromise?
It was a compromise made by James Wilson that stated that a slave is equal to 3/5 of a person.
Who was the main author of the Constitution?
James Madison
What is a Preamble?
A preamble is an introductory and explanatory statement in a document that explains the document's purpose.
What does the word 'bicameral mean?
It means having two separate lawmaking assemblies like the Senate and the House of Repersentatives.
What is the primary role of the Legislative Branch?
To pass laws, to look at them and vote to pass them.
What is the primary role of the Executive Branch?
To pass and enforce laws made by Congress.
What is the Primary role of the Judicial Branch
To declare laws Constitutional or Unconstitutional.
What was the New Jersey Plan?
This plan favored small states that said all states should have the same amount of representatives
What was the Virginia Plan?
This plan favored large states and said that states should have the amount of representatives depending on the states size.
What are the requirements to be a member of the House of Representatives?
To be 25 years old, a citizen for 7 years, and to live in the state that you are running for
What are the requirements to be a Senator?
To be 30 years old, a citizen for 9 years, and to live in the state that you are running for
What are the requirements to be President?
To be 35 years old, Born in the U.S, and to have lived in the U.S. for 14 years
What are the powers of the President?-
To be the commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, Chief Diplomat, and CEO of the country.
18) What are the powers of Congress?-
The power to make laws.
How long is a House of Representative's term?
2 years long
How long is a Senator's term?-
6 years long
How long is a President's term?-
4 years long
How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
There are 9 justices
How long is a Supreme Court Justice's term?-
It is for life unless you retire
What is the main job of the Supreme Court?-
To declare laws constitutional or unconstitutional
Why are Supreme Court Justice's terms so long?
So they can have a lot of experience so the system will work better
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
John G. Roberts Jr.
What are the three levels of the federal court system
Circuit Court, Supreme Court and District Court.
What does the word "appeal" mean?
a legal proceeding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court
What part of government has to approve all Supreme Court Justices?
The Congress has to approve the presidents nomination
What is Judicial Review?
Judicial review is the power to review the constitutionality of a statue or treaty or to review an administrative regulation.
What does the 1st Amendment protect?- Discrimination against race, religion
The first amendment protects the freedom of speech, press, religion, and the right to assemble
What does the 2nd Amendment protect?
The right to own firearms
What does the 3rd Amendment protect?
The right of privacy and that no one can enter houses with out the owner's permission
What does the 4th Amendment protect?
That the government can not stage a random search without evidence
The 5, 6, and 7th Amendments protect your rights in ....
They protect citizens legal rights and protections
What does the 8th Amendment protect?
That convicts should be treated riht until the jail snetence
What does the 9th Amendment claim?
Rights that are not in the constitution can be used
What type of government does the 10th Amendment protect?
It protects state government.
What is the Bill of Rights?
The first 10 amendments of the Constitution
40) Who is the President of the United States of America?
Barack Obama
41) Who is the Vice President of the United States of America?
Joe Biden
Who represents Massachusetts in the United States Senate?
Ted Kennedy, and John Kerry
43) Who represents Wellesley in the House of Representatives?
Barney Frank, James McGovern, Edward Markey, Micheal Capuano, William Delahunt, Niki Tsongas, John Tierney, Richard Neal, John Olver, and Stephen Lynch
44) Who is the Governor of Massachusetts?
Deval Patrick
What are the two ways to amend the Constitution?
1. Two-thirds of both houses Congress vote to propose and amendment 2.
46) What does it mean to "amend" the Constitution?
To make a change to the Constitution
What are the three levels of government in the United States? (hint: our President is the Chief Executive of one of the levels)
Federal, State and Local
The First Amendment protects the freedom of speech unless
It can cause danger to the public
What is another name for the Executive Departments?
The Cabinet
What is the main job of the Executive Departments?
To advise the president
What does the Department of Defense oversee?
Oversees armed forces
What does the State Department oversee?
Works with other countries
What does the Treasury Department oversee?
Supervises the collection of taxes and the printing of money
What does the Department of Interior oversee?
Protects natural resources and wildlife
What does the Department of Homeland Security oversee?
Works to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage from potential attacks and natural disasters
What does the Justice Department oversee?
It enforces the U.S. governments laws
Who represents Wellesley in the House of Representatives?
Barney Frank