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63 terms

USH: Ch13 WWII_(Russo)

GB= Great Britain
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fascism
political movement that emphasized autocratic and nationalist policies
kamikaze
Japanese suicide missions
final solution
the use of extermination camps and gas chambers by Nazis against Jews
blitzkreig
"lightning war"; sudden massive attacks
December 7th 1941
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
June 6th 1945
D-Day, Allies stormed beaches of Normandy
Joseph Stalin
fascist dictator of the Soviet Union
Benito Mussolini
fascist dictator of Italy: started new "Roman Enpire" by conquering Ethiopia
Adolf Hitler
fascist dictator of Germany
Neville Chamberlain
this British prime minister signed the Munich Pact: pre WWII
Munich Pact
agreement with Germany regarding Czechoslovakia, signed by Neville Chamberlain
Pact
Agreement
Battle of Britain
GB wins and this result led Hitler to call for the invasion of Britain
Poland
this nation was the first country to be invaded and taken over by Germany
nonaggression pact
prior to the invasion of Poland, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to not attack each other.
Germany
this country invaded Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
appeasement
Giving into demands of aggressor; Britain and France signed Munich Pact to appease Hitler in hopes he would stop.
Neutrality Act of 1939
this allowed nations to buy American armaments as long as they pay cash and carry the goods home on their own ships
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Lend-Lease Act
allows the president to loan or "rent" arms to "any country whose defense is vital to the US"
Hideki Tojo
prime minister of Japan
Japan
Hideki Tojo was this nation's prime minister during WWII
Pearl Harbor
site of a surprise attack on the US by Japan
Office of Price Administration
this was created by Congress to fight the threat of inflation
Selective Service System
this instituted the draft and eventually mustered ten million soldiers
Nisei
this term refers to Japanese Americans who were born in the USA
WAAC's
the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps; nurses and radio operators
War Production Board
this assumed the responsibility for converting industry from peacetime to wartime production and distributing raw materials to key industries
Office of Scientific Research and Development
this was responsible for improvements in radar and sonar and the development of "wonder drugs" such as penicillin that saved countless lives
Harry S. Truman
FDR's vice president; as president he dropped atomic bombs to save U.S. lives
D-Day
this day marked the invasion of Nazi-controlled Europe on shores of France
George Patton
this American General led the troops that liberated Paris from German occupation
Battle of the Bulge
the initial success of this German offensive battle was due mainly to the Allies' being caught off guard
Harry Truman
president who made the decision to drop the atomic bomb
Allies
WWII countries that fought with USA and Great Brtiain
Axis
WWII countries that fought with Germany, Italy, Japan
Holocaust
genocide(killing) committed against the Jewish people by Nazis
anti-Semitism
discrimination against Jewish people
genocide
wiping out an entire racial or cultural group
ghetto
restricted area of European cities that kept Jews separated from others
Kristallnacht
"night of broken glass", gangs of Nazis destroyed property of Jews
inflation
increasing prices when there is more money available than goods to buy
internment
relocation of Japanese Americans to camps in the United States
German
Troops from here marched into Poland in 1939 to start WWII
Attack of Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941
Japanese
Whose aircraft bombed U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor?
Hitler
Chose to ignore agreement and invaded Soviet Union
D-Day
This invasion of France was the final push to defeat Germany; June 6, 1944
V-E Day
Germany surrenders; "Victory in Europe"
"Final Solution"
Germany's goal to get rid of Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, those wt mental illness/disabilities
12 million
Approximate number of people killed in the Holocaust
General MacArthur
leader of land forces in the Pacific
Admiral Nimitz
Leader of navy forces in the Pacific
Manhattan Project
Secret group that worked to develop an atomic bomb
Hiroshima/Nagasaki
Destroyed by first two atomic bombs ever used in war
War Production Board
Job was to oversee the making of war goods.
Office of Price Administration
Job was to set prices on goods to keep inflation down.
Japanese Americans
Many were forced into interment camps during WW II
Winston Churchill
prime minister of Great Britain during WWII
George Marshall
Army chief of staff that pushed for creation of WAAC (Women's Auxiliary Army Corps)
Dwight Eisenhower
U.S. General that led American troops to liberate Paris, France and rest of Europe from German occupation
Korematzu v United States
Court case about the president's order to send Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II.
In a 6-3 decision, the Court agreed with the president, and said the need to protect the country outweighed Fred Korematsu's individual rights, and the rights of Americans of Japanese descent.
Zoot-Suit Riots
A series of riots in L.A. California during WWII, soldiers stationed in the city and Mexican youths because of the zoot suits they wore which were seen as unpatriotic.