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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. d. 714,000 jail inmates
  2. d. Release from prison should be based on time served
  3. d. Reduce recidivism....
  4. b. Presentence investigation report
  5. b. Weapons offenders
  1. a 14. One main problem with sentencing is that judges have to be able to predict human behavior. A judge uses all of the flowing tools to make his or her sentencing decisions except:
    a. Intuition
    b. Presentence investigation report
    c. Research on prediction
    d. Experience
  2. b 12. Maconochie's principles are based on all of the following except
    a. A prisoner should earn everything he receives in prison
    b. Labor in prison is based on improvement of conduct, frugality of living, and habits of living
    c. When appropriate, offenders should form small groups where everyone is responsible for each other's behavior
    d. Release from prison should be based on time served
  3. c 18. General goals of ISP; include all of the following statements except:
    a. Increase incapacitation over that of incarceration.
    b. Divert offenders from prison.
    c. Ensure public safety.
    d. Reduce recidivism.
  4. d 19. The least represented group of offenders in state prison are:
    a. Property offenders
    b. Weapons offenders
    c. Drug offenders
    d. Violent offenders
  5. e 8. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (2004) estimated that the average jail population nation-wide on any given day is approximately how many inmates?
    a. 120,000 jail inmates
    b. 267,000 jail inmates
    c. 423,000 jail inmates
    d. 714,000 jail inmates

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 16. In recent years legislatures have increased control over the sentencing process of their state. Which of the following is not one of the strategies of legislative control?
    a. The introduction of determinate sentencing
    b. The institution of sentencing guidelines
    c. Banning early release to institutionalized offenders
    d. The use of mandatory prison terms
  2. 1. A work house, created for employment and housing in London during the 16th century, is called:
    a. Brank
    b. Bridewell
    c. Stocks
    d. Sanctuary
  3. 5. Corrections is an important field of study because of all the following except
    a. A. corrections is undergoing rapid change
    b. Interests in reducing crime and safety
    c. Corrections impacts ordinary individuals everyday
    d. Prisons are declining in use
  4. 4. What is the "blue flu?'
    a. A particularly virulent virus rampantly spreading in prisons.
    b. A code name among correctional officers for a poor administrative decision.
    c. A tactic used by officers to create power in union negotiations.
    d. A code name among correctional officers for administrative power trips.
  5. 17. All of the following are reasons why custody concerns outweigh those of treatment in institutions except:
    a. When one of the treatment staff is sick, the position must be filled in order to maintain "minimal critical staffing."
    b. Custody issues are immediate and mandatory.
    c. Treatment staff usually only work regular "workdays" during regular hours.
    d. Custody concerns are ever-present 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

5 True/False questions

  1. b. Great Law3. William Penn, and the Pennsylvania Quakers, created a body of laws called the
    a. A. Code of Draco
    b. Great Law
    c. Sumerian code
    d. Hammurabic code


  2. b. The correctional system is given sole responsibility to supervise probationers....18. Judicial and administrative sentencing processes share common criteria in decision-making. Which of the following is not one of them?
    a. The offender's past criminal record
    b. The use of good time
    c. Classification of the crime as aggravated, "normal," and mitigated
    d. The degree of repentance demonstrated by the offender


  3. b. Open2. Which of the following is NOT a level of custody placed on the offender?
    a. Medium
    b. Open
    c. Minimum
    d. Close


  4. d. Pretrial alternatives are more expensive than incarceration in jail.10. Which of the following conclusions cannot be made about the use of pretrial alternatives?
    a. These programs reduce the jail population.
    b. People who are released pending trial fare better in court.
    c. Pretrial release alternatives fair as well as jail to prevent recidivism.
    d. Pretrial alternatives are more expensive than incarceration in jail.


  5. a. Probation11. Which of the following types of correctional control is not considered to be a form of intermediate sanction?
    a. Probation
    b. Intensive supervised probation
    c. Electronic monitoring
    d. House arrest