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Galdamez-Theology 1-Exam 1
Terms in this set (90)
What is "theological prolegomena" and what three questions does it seek to answer?
The introductory section of a system of thought in which basic principles and premises are enunciated
1.what is theology?
2.what is the relationship between God's knowledge & our knowledge?
3. how does human reason relate to theology?
is the word that we refer to what we know about God
The study of the triune God and His purposes within the created order as revealed in Jesus Christ through divine revelation
The study of the Bibles theology & it's unified message as it is developed along its historical framework
The study of the development of doctrine throughout church history
The study of the application of theology to the church
e.g. preaching, biblical counseling, spiritual disciplines
is the study that answers: what does the whole Bible teach us today?
deals with accepted teachings (dogma)
categorizing and summarizing
What are the major doctrines we cover in THE 3301
Bibliology, Theology Proper, Christology, Pnematology
God's theology of himself; what God knows about himself & the created order
The theology God has revealed in created order & scripture
The theology we learn along the way; our understanding of Ectypal theology...revealed through the Son
What is deductive theology (credo ut intellegam and starting point)?
"I believe in order to understand"
General truths (basic beliefs) & then work out of these
What basic beliefs do Christians typically begin with as they do theology?
1. Bible is true & is our absolute standard of truth
2. The God of the Bible exists
Know and describe the five levels of development toward an evangelical theology. (PREAE)
1. Patristic Orthodoxy-essential doctrines from the early church
2. Reformation Theology-Doctrines from the reformation that clarify Christian belief
3. Evangelical Movement- A movement among British & American protestants
4.American Fundamentalism- Subtype of evangelicalism which is militant in opposition to liberal theology
5. Evangelical Renaissance- A call to cultural engagement in a positive manner
Know the five points of theological fundamentalism (IVSBB)
1. Inspiration of Scripture
2. Virgin birth of Christ
3. Substitutionary atonement
4. Bodily resurrection of Christ
5. Bodily second coming of Christ
1st part of the "Beddington Quad" the bible is fully inspired
Non-evangelical centers (integrative motifs)
The purpose of religion is to have an experience of absolute dependence (we are finite) ...naturalistic
Why is divine revelation necessary for us?
Humans have no other way of finding out about God apart from God revealing himself
What are 3 implications of the doctrine of divine revelation?
Unified, Truthful, Authoritative
general revelation (Erickson's definition)
God's communication of Himself to all persons at all times and in all places
Know the three forms of general revelation.
1. The Created Order
2. The Human Conscience
3. The Flow of Human History
Be familiar with some of the content of general revelation.
1. There is one creator God who deserves our exclusive worship
2. He is eternal & independent
3. He is invisible & powerful
4. He is personal & wise; lawgiver
God (Eternal One, the Real) has revealed Himself through Jesus Christ, but also in other ways. We all follow our path and will all end up in the middle.
"God is going to save everybody". Everyone is saved because we are human beings.
There is only one way to God, through Jesus, but Jesus will include those who are faithful & good in this life.
A person must have explicit faith in Christ during his life
Why can't general revelation save us?
People are only saved by hearing, believing, &calling on the name of Jesus
Know the five categories of special revelation.
1. God's Acts in History
2. Dreams, Visions, Oracles, Prophecies
3. Personal Address by God
4. Jesus of Nazareth
5. The Writings of the OT & NT
seeks to provide a defense of truthfulness for the Christian faith for a purpose of convincing unbelievers
What the whole Bible teaches us today about some particular topic
biblical theology (Grudem)
Study of teaching of the individual authors and sections of the Bible and of the place of each teaching in the historical development of the Bible
Christian ethics (Grudem)
Study that answers the question "What does God require us to feel, think, and do today?" within light of any sistuation
A set of two statements, one of which denies the other
historical theology (Grudem)
Study of how Christians (since time of NT) have understood various theological topics
major doctrine (Grudem)
Has a significant impact on our thinking about other doctrines or that has significant impact on how we live the Christian life
an apparent but not real contradiction
minor doctrine (Grudem)
Has very little impact on how we live the Christian life
philosophical theology (Grudem)
Study of theological topics that uses philosophical reasoning and uses info that comes from Scripture
An assumption that forms the beginning point of any study
Intuition Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
The Biblical authors exhibit natural insights into religion. Not Holy Spirit, but naturally inspired.
Be able to describe the essential elements of verbal plenary theory (key scriptures also).
Verbal-the actual words of the Bible
Plenary-all of it
Inspiration- God breathed
What is not meant by verbal-plenary inspiration?
1.Not that the prophets & apostles themselves were inspired, as if everything they believed, said, or did was God's word. Rather, it is their canonical writings that are inspired
2.Not that the prophets & apostles were merely passive in the process, or that all inspiration falls into prophetic mold: "Thus says the Lord"
3.Not that the inspiration pertains to the intention of the human authors, who prophesied more than they themselves knew
Know and describe the essential elements of inerrancy.
1. The Bible is totally accurate in every area it touches upon (e.g., science, history, geography)
2. Every word in Scripture is true w/o any errors
3. The autographs (i.e., original copies of Scripture w/o no errors)
dynamic equivalence in biblical translations.
Clarity of English expression ("thought-for-thought")
formal equivalence in biblical translations
Correspondence to original language ("word-for-word")
The highest authority in ones life, an authority that cannot be disproved by appeal or any higher authority
authority of Scripture
words in Scripture are God's words to disbelieve or disobey any word of Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God
Seeks to provide its conclusion by appealing to a claim that depends on truth of the conclusion
God spoke every word of Scripture to the human authors
Some people who deny the inerrancy of the Bible claim that the Bible's purpose is only to tell us about
faith and practice
Metaphor for expressing Scripture as being spoken by God
Scripture is not able to lead us astray in matters of faith and practice
Words of Scripture are spoken by God
20th century movement represented by Karl Barth--"words of Scripture become God's words to us as we encounter them"
Old and New Testament --recognized as God's words
The Bible convinces us that its words are God's words
different words in different ancient topics of the same verses of Scripture
What is Canon?
Literally a "reed" or "measuring rod" (a ruler); closed life of books that are inspired & authoritative
what were the 3 criteria of NT canonicity?
Apostolic, Orthodox, Catholic
What is the difference between Roman Catholics & Protestants in regard to the canon of Scripture?
RC- The Church determined and declared it to be so
PRO-The Church discovered it to be so though the illumination of the Holy Spirit
Know the differences between Roman Catholics and Protestants on Scripture's sufficiency
Protestant-hold that you can be saved with only possessing the Bible. Roman Catholic believes you absolutely need the Church
The Bible can be taught and understood by all who are seeking God's help and are willng to follow it
know the difference between Catholics and Protestants over the perspicuity of Scripture.
Catholic- Scripture requires an infallible interpreter
Protestant-Scriptures are so clear and consistent that it can should be summarized
Morally perfect in God's sight, a characteristic of those who follow God's word completely
clarity of Scripture (Perspicuity)
Bible is written in a way that its teachings are able to be understood by all who will read it seeking God's help and are willing to follow it
The process of interpreting a text of Scripture
Knowledge of God's existence, character, and moral law, which comes through creation to all humanity
The study of correct methods of interpreting texts
necessity of Scripture
Bible is necessary for 1. knowledge of the gospel, 2. maintaining a spiritual life, and for 3. certain knowledge of God's will
NOT necessary for knowing God
Gods words (of the Bible) addressed to specific people (the prophets &apostles) & words of God spoken in personal address (mount Sinai/Jesus' baptism)
sufficiency of Scripture
The Bible contains all of what God intended his people to have at each stage of redemptive history
Political Liberation (integrative motifs)
We have the Bible to help liberate us politically, economically and socially...liberation/feminist theology
The Kingdom of God (integrative motifs)
The good news of the Bible is that God's kingdom is moving society towards a universal brotherhood of man & fatherhood of God
Special Revelation (Erickson's definition)
God's manifestation of Himself to particular person at definite times and places, enabling those persons to enter into a redemptive relationship with himself
Illumination Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
The Holy Spirit impresses himself upon the writers (not the text), but not in a way that is essentially different from the way he communicates with all humanity
Encounter Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
The Bible is like all other books, but God has chosen to meet people through it. The Bible's words are not from the Holy Spirit, but he uses them as a vehicle
Dynamic Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
The Holy Spirit inspires the concepts (i.e., thoughts) of the Bible but not the actual words.
Mechanical Dictation Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
God dictated the exact words to the human authors, so as to remove the author's will and personality from the writing. God is the only author.
Verbal Plenary Theory (theories of biblical inspiration.)
Every word of scripture is breathed out by God. All 3 words are important:
Verbal-the actual words of the Bible
Plenary-all of it
Inspiration- God breathed
Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact
2nd part of the "Beddington Quad" the centrality of Christ's sacrifice as substitute
the 3rd part of the "Beddington Quad" that people need to be changed through justification by faith
the 4th part of the "Beddington Quad" stressing a greater focus on the individual over society
first full blown treatment of inerrancy was articulated by A. A. Hodges and B. B.Warfield in their book, inspiration
The Battle for the Bible
Harold Lindsell's-- Exposed the massive infiltration of liberalism and neo-orthodoxy into nearly every denomination and seminary that considered itself evangelical
ICBI (International Council on Biblical Inerrancy)
This council was comprised of Inerrantist Leaders - An army of nationally known theologians, biblical scholars, and Christian leaders who came together to battle for inerrancy among evangelicals
Chicago Statement of Biblical Inerrancy
This became a landmark church document. It was the largest, broadest, group of evangelical protestant scholars (over 200) that ever came together to create a common, theological document century.
verbal plenary theory
2 Timothy 3:16, John 17:17, John 21:24,
and Romans 9:1.
theological anthropology, soteriology, ecclesiology, eschatlogy
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