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Articles of Confederation
document adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and adopted by the states in 1781 outlining the form of governement for the U.S. A.; states more powerful than national government
system of government where power is shared among the central or federal government and the states
plan proposed by Edmund Randolph of Virginia in 1787, proposed a 3 branch government, 2 house legislature where representation is based on states' population or wealth
3/5 of slave population counted when setting direct taxes and to determine representation in legislature
separtion of powers
division of basic government roles into branches to keep any one branch from gaining too much power
checks and balances
ability of each branch of government to exercise checks or controls over other branches
federal government given power to make all laws "necessary and proper" - loose interpretation of Constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution added in 1791 consisting of a list of citizens' rights and freedoms
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