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AP European History Vocabulary Unit 8
Terms in this set (32)
Dr. David Livingstone
best known explorer & missionary for 30 years, had more sympathy & less bias towards Africans, relentlessly opposed slave trade, wanted to open up interior of Africa to Christianity & trade
Henry M. Stanley
A sensation-seeking British journalist and part-time explorer sent by Leopold II to the Congo basin. Established trade and land for Belgium there.
Sir Richard Burton
explorer who translated books to english,spoke 29 languages fluently,and sneaked into mecca and was knighted by queen victoria for it
Ferdinand de Lesseps
French diplomat who supervised the construction of the Suez Canal in Egypt
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China
Treaty of Nanjing
1842, ended Opium war, said the western nations would determine who would trade with china, not china, so it set up the unequal treaty system which allowed western nations to own a part of chinese territory and conduct trading business in china under their own laws. This treaty set up 5 treaty ports where westerners could live, work, and be treated under their own laws. One of these were Hong Kong.
A mid-19th century rebellion, destructive civil war, against the Qing Dynasty in China, led by Hong Xiuquan
Right of foreigners to be protected by the laws of their own nation
Commodore Matthew Perry
the Commodore of the U.S. Navy who compelled the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854.
The rule over much of South Asia between 1765 and 1947 by the East India Company and then by a British government.
British East India Company
Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in India; acted as virtually independent government in regions it claimed.
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies
sphere of influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
V. I. Lenin
led the communist revolution, was the leader of the Bolsheviks, ruled Russia
Indian-born British writer who wrote of "the white man's burden" and justified imperialism
"White Man's Burden"
The belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples
Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa.
a state or territory partly controlled by (but not a possession of) a stronger state but autonomous in internal affairs
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, in Egypt
Berlin Conference of 1885
Meeting in Berlin, called by Bismarck to regulate European colonization of Africa - called for "effective occupation" to claim territory. Led to the scramble for Africa. Recognized Leopold's claim to Congo.
Area of southeast Asia controlled by France during Imperialism. Includes Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils," foreign influence. The rebellion was ended by British troops
(1894-95) War fought between China and Japan. After Korea was opened to Japanese trade in 1876, it rapidly became an arena for rivalry between the expanding Japanese state and neighbouring China. Japan won, gained Taiwan, and officially a world power.
1911 Chinese Revolution
was a nationalist democratic revolt led by Chinese revolutionaries against the Qing dynasty. Replacing the Qinq dynasty, the creation of the Republic of China ended the imperial system. This came about because the Qing dynasty was declining due to corruption, bankruptcy, etc.
Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Chinese physician and political leader who aimed to transform China with patriotic, democratic, and economically progressive reforms. He was the President of China in 1911 and the father of Nationalist Party.
The restoration of the Meiji emperor in Japan in 1868 that began a program on industrialization and centralization of Japan following the end of the Tokugawa Shogunate
british biologist who introduced the ideas of natural selection and evolution; argued that specific behaviors evolved because they led to advantages in survival or reproduction, his theories were used to argue that Social Darwinism justified Europeans' controlling of other people through imperialism
This was a leader of the Indian independence movement in mid-20th century known for his nonviolent protests.
British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him. (p. 736)
Belgian king who ruthlessly exploited the natives on his African land for personal gain.
Was the Secretary of State in 1899; dispatched the Open Door Notes to keep the countries that had spheres of influence in China from taking over China and closing the doors on trade between China and the U.S.
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