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20 terms

Vocabulary Unit 9

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Apt
(adj.) suitable, fitting, likely; quick to learn SYN appropriate, fit, proper, liable ANT inappropriate, unlikely, slow
Awry
(adj. or adv.) in a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong, out of the right or hoped-for course SYN (adj.) crooked, askew, amiss ANT (adj.) straight , symmetrical
Bludgeon
(n.) a short club used as a weapon; (v.) to strike with a heavy club; to use force SYN (n.) cudgel; (v.) clobber, clout
Capitulate
(v.) to end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
Ant hold out, persist
Chafe
(v.) to warm by rubbing; to wear sore by rubbing; to feel annoyance or dissatisfaction, annoy, irk; to strain or press against; (n.) a sore or injury caused by rubbing SYN (v.) irritate, scrape, abrade ANT (v.) soothe, mollify, please, elate
Defile
(v. trans.) to make unclean or dirty, destroy the purity of; (v., intrans.) to march in a single line or in columns; (n.) a narrow passage; gorge, canyon SYN (v. trans.) pollute, contaminate, desecrate ANT (v. trans.) cleanse, purify
Dire
(adj) dreadful, causing fear or suffering; warning of trouble to come; demanding immediate action to avoid disaster
SYN disastrous, ominous, sinister, urgent
ANT favorable, auspicious, beneficial
Disarming
(adj.) charming, tending to get rid of unfriendliness or suspicion SYN endearing, winning ANT alarming, troubling, disquieting
Disgruntled
(adj., part) in bad humor, discontented, annoyed SYN displeased, grumpy, surly ANT pleased, satisfied, content
Encroach
(v.) to advance beyond the usual or proper limits, trespass SYN intrude, infringe
Endow
(v.) to furnish, equip, provide with funds or some other desirable thing or quality SYN grant, bestow, present, bequeath ANT take away, deprive
Fend
(v.) to ward off, resist; to get along, manage SYN stave off, cope
Impunity
(n.) freedom from punishment
SYN exemption from punishment, immunity
Mien
(n.) air, manner; appearance; expression SYN look, bearing, demeanor
Penal
(adj.) having to do with punishment
SYN correctional, disciplinary
Pertinent
(adj.) related to the matter at hand, to the point SYN relevant, germane, apropos ANT unrelated, irrelevant, immaterial
Predominant
(adj.) the greatest in strength or power; most common SYN chief, major, paramount, prevalent ANT secondary, minor, subsidiary, rare
Prodigy
(n.) something wonderful or marvelous; something monstrous or abnormal; an unusual feat; a child or young person with extraordinary ability or talent SYN marvel, wonder, freak, genius ANT dumbbell, dunce, dullard
Recluse
(n.) a person who leads a life shut up or withdrawn from the world SYN loner, hermit
Renown
(n.) fame, glory SYN reputation, celebrity, prestige ANT obscurity, infamy, notoriety