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33 terms

Test "1" Review

Exploring Race and Ethnicity Prejudice Immigration question review
STUDY
PLAY
Which term is used to refer to a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than the members of the dominant group have over theirs?
Minority Group
The sociological concept of minority can be described as a:
group that experiences limitations and barriers to life's opportunities
Which of the following is considered a racial group?

A) Puerto Ricans
B) Jews
C) African Americans
D) all of these
all of these
The U.S. has used skin color as the standard for race designation with:
two categories: Black and White
Ethnicity refers to:
Cultural differences
African american sociologist W.E.B. DuBois said in 1900 that the century's major problem would be:
the color-line
The concept of race is:
socially constructed
Research shows that the differences in intelligence scores between Blacks and Whites are almost eliminated when:
adjustments are made for social and economic characteristics
When belief in the inheritance of behavior patterns is coupled with the feeling that certain groups are inherently superior to others, it is called:
Racism
Which of the following perspectives on race and ethnicity tends to emphasize group tensions between the priveleged and the exploited?
Conflict
The forced deportation of people, accompanied by systematic violence is:
Ethnic cleansing
Ethnocentrism is:
the tendency to assume one's culture is superior to all others
The exploitation theory explains:
the basis of racial discrimination in the United states
Sterotyping is related to self-fulfilling prophecy in that:

A) it fosters a negative racial climate
B) people are aware of the negative images others have of them
C) it affects how people interact with one another
D) all of these
all of these
The Hate Crime Statistics Act:
directs the Department of Justice to gather data on hate or bias crimes
Prejudice is:
negative attitude, not behavior
Which of the following is an ethnophaulism?
The personnel manager told the applicant that she had excellent work experience for a woman
The process of denying certain opportunities and equal rights or privileges to individuals and groups is known as:
discrimination
Reluctant liberals are those who:
discriminate if there is social pressure to do so
Scapegoating:
A) involves prejudice people believing they are societies victims
B) transfers the guilt to some vulnerable group
C) lead to mass extermination of German Jews during World War II
D) all of these
all of these
All of the following are characteristics of an authorian personality except:
A) aggression against non-conformists
B) concern with power and toughness
C) advherence to conventional values
D) disrespect for authority
disrespect for authority
The contact hypothesis states that intergroup contact between people of equal status in noncompetitive circumstances will reduce prejudice. This is part of the:
interactionist perspective
The most important force causing people to emigrate has been:
Economic
Fear or hatred of strangers is:
Xenophobia
The term nativism refers to:
tending to favor one's own people over new arrivals
Sinophobes are people with:
a fear of anything associated with China
A primary goal of the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act was to:
reunite immigrant families
Which term refers to the immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed by their home countries?
Brain Drain
The perspective most likely to see the brain drain as a symptom of the unequal distribution of world rescources is:
Conflict
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986:
prohibited hiring illegal aliens
Based on the 1996 Illegal Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act:
for now, legal immigrants are entitled to welfare and social security benefits
From a _____perspective, by paying low wages to illegal immigrants, employers are able to produce goods and services that are profitable and affordable.
Functionalist
A new immigrant who sponsors several other immigrants who, on their arrival, may sponsor still more is:
chain immigration