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a form of CVD in which the inner layers of artery walls are made thick and irregular by plaque deposits; arteries become narrowed and blood supply is reduced
protein and lipid substances in the blood that carry fats and cholesterol; classified according to size, density, and chemical composition
a lipoprotein containing a moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; bad cholesterol
low density lipoprotein (LDL)
a lipoprotein containing relatively little cholesterol that helps transport cholesterol out of the arteries; good cholesterol
high-density lipoproteins (HDL)
the american heart association has identified six major factors for CVD that can be changed, they are:
high blood pressure
unhealthy blood cholesterol levels
overweight and obesity
blood pressure is created by what
the pumping action of the heart
high blood pressure occurs when too much force is exerted against the walls of the arteries
how can you raise your HDL levels
losing weight if you are overweight
altering the amount and type of fat consumes
what are major risk factors that cannot be changed
heart disease cause by atherosclerosis in the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle
coronary heart disease (CHD)
damage to or death of heart muscle resulting from a failure of the coronary arteries to deliver enough blood to the heart
a condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, causing severe pain in the chest and often in the arm and shoulder
a nontraumatic unexpected death from sudden cardiac arrest most often due to arrhythmia in most instances victims have underlying heart disease
sudden cardiac death
an impeded blood supply to some part of the brain resulting in the destruction of brain cells
a condition resulting from the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it; blood backs up in the veins leading to the heart causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body
congestive heart failure
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