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a collective term for various diseases of the heart and blood vessels

cardiovascular disease

cell fragments in the blood that are necessary for the formation of blood clots


sustained abnormally high blood pressure


a form of CVD in which the inner layers of artery walls are made thick and irregular by plaque deposits; arteries become narrowed and blood supply is reduced


protein and lipid substances in the blood that carry fats and cholesterol; classified according to size, density, and chemical composition


a lipoprotein containing a moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; bad cholesterol

low density lipoprotein (LDL)

a lipoprotein containing relatively little cholesterol that helps transport cholesterol out of the arteries; good cholesterol

high-density lipoproteins (HDL)

the american heart association has identified six major factors for CVD that can be changed, they are:

tobacco use
high blood pressure
unhealthy blood cholesterol levels
physical inactivity
overweight and obesity

__ in __ deaths from CVD can be attributed to smoking

1, 5

blood pressure is created by what

the pumping action of the heart
high blood pressure occurs when too much force is exerted against the walls of the arteries

what are high blood pressure symptoms

there are none

how can you raise your HDL levels

exercising regularly
losing weight if you are overweight
quit smoking
altering the amount and type of fat consumes

what are major risk factors that cannot be changed

c-reactive protein

a deposit of fatty substances on the inner wal of the arteries


heart disease cause by atherosclerosis in the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle

coronary heart disease (CHD)

damage to or death of heart muscle resulting from a failure of the coronary arteries to deliver enough blood to the heart

heart attack

a condition in which the heart muscle does not receive enough blood, causing severe pain in the chest and often in the arm and shoulder

angina pectoris

a change in the normal pattern of the heartbeat


a nontraumatic unexpected death from sudden cardiac arrest most often due to arrhythmia in most instances victims have underlying heart disease

sudden cardiac death

an impeded blood supply to some part of the brain resulting in the destruction of brain cells


a condition resulting from the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it; blood backs up in the veins leading to the heart causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body

congestive heart failure

what is moderate drinking for males and females

one per day for women and two per day for men

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