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philosophy (1,2,5,6)

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"philosophy" literally defined?
love of wisdom
the ultimate aim of philosophy is?
complete liberty of the mind, to achieve independence of any prejudice, to become moral and freedom
critical thinking is a skill that allows people to blindly accept the thinking of others?
False
there is no difference between "having" a philosophy and "doing" philosophy?
False
casual reasoning is considered a type of inductive argument?
True
the structure of an argument is a group of statements in which there are certain statements offered in support of another statement?
True
the study of the ultimate characteristics of reality or existence?
metaphysics
the study of moral values and principles?
ethics
the branch of philosophy that seeks to establish the rules for correct reasoning and valid arguments?
logic
the study to knowledge.
epistemology
the study of beauty, art and taste.
aesthetics
socrates believed that "the truth lies within each of us"
True
socrates believed that "it was better to suffer wickedness than to commit it"
True
socrates was committed to making our actions reflect our convictions
True
What is the investigate of the nature and structure of reality?
Metaphysics
the study of the nature of knowledge and truth?
Epistemology
who said "air is the primary substance"?
Anaximenes
the fundamental principles of the universe are mathematical relations?
Pythagoras
all matter is composed of indivisible atoms
democritus
the unexamined life is not worth living?
socrates
who said "reality is unchanging and eternal and change is an illusion"?
Parmenides
who said "the universe is composed of matter and governed by nous"?
Anaxagoras
who said "water is the primary substance"?
Thales
who said "all things are in a constant state of change and the universe is governed by logos"?
Heraclitus
A kind of argument that purports to prove a thesis is defective because it generates an infinite series when such series exists or the thesis lacks justification?
Infinite Regress
who argued that "all is one"?
Parmenides
who argued that "all is change" and "change alone is unchanging"?
Heraclitus
who claimed form is a reality itself?
Plato
who claimed that forms reside in physical objects?
Aristotle
what did Descartes hope to prove through the method of doubt?
knowledge is possible
who argued that genuine knowledge is recollected through an examination of our innate ideas?
Plato
Metaphysicians concern themselves with questions such as: whether reality is many or one, what is the nature of reality, and what is time and space?
True
Parmendies said change is an illusion
True
Plato argued that the world of being is constantly changing, evolving, and disappearing
True
Aristotle's Four Causes: the ultimate purpose of something?
formal cause
Aristotle's Four Causes: the embedded essence of something?
final cause
Aristotle's Four Causes: material cause?
material cause
Aristotle's Four Causes: what sets something in motion?
efficient cause
the epistemological view that all knowledge is derived through sense experience?
empiricism
the epistemological view that knowledge is derived from rational intuition and sense experience?
rationalism
who argued that we are born with an intellectual "blank slates" or tabula rasa?
Locke
who claimed that nothing exists independent of the mind or God?
Berkeley
who argued that, as a philosopher, he was committed to radical skepticism?
Hume
who argued that we construct a knowable world?
Kant
who believed that emotions ought to play a role in our understanding of the world?
Jaggar
In Jaggar's arguments, emotions provide what?
life with meaning
rationalists argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge?
True
empiricists argue that we can achieve genuine knowledge independent of sense experience?
False
For Locke, objects in the world consist of primary and secondary qualities
True
For Berkely, objects in the world exist
False
subjective idealism is the belief that only ideas conscious minds have actual existence
False
For Hume, the logical conclusion of empiricism is skepticism
True
For Kant, the nominal world is perceivable
False
who said "Knowledge of external world begins with the method of doubt"?
Descartes
who said "All knowledge comes from experience"?
Locke
who said "emotions affect the manner in which we perceive the world"?
Jaggar
who said "all justifiable beliefs must be rationally justified or experiencable"?
Hume
who said "the knowable world is constructed by the faculties of the mind"?
Kant
who said "to be is to be perceived"?
Berkeley
who defined religion as "a means toward ultimate transformation?"
streng
who argued that religion is a human construction, an idealized perfection?
Feuerbach
who argued that all religions are expressions of a patriarchal reality in which women are placed in a subjected position?
Daly
who believed that religion is a vital personal quest all must face when confronted with the possible meaninglessness of life?
Nishitani
religions that remain tied to the original people and location from which they developed are called?
indigenous sacred ways
which religion believes that souls can have eternal salvation due to a belief in Jesus?
Christianity
which religion believes that Muhammad is the last and final prophet to receive the word of God?
Islam
religion can provide a framework for human life. what kinds of questions can religion answer?
what is the meaning and purpose of life, what is my destiny, how ought i to conduct my life and what happens when i die.
studying the philosophy of religion is designed to turn all persons into atheists and engage persons in emotional arguments.
false
studying the philosophy to designed to expand, enrich, and deepen your understanding of other religions
true
arguments for the existence of God were presented to satisfy a desire for objective proof of a transcendent being?
true
a theodicy is a defense of the justness or goodness of God in the face of doubts or objections arising form the problem of evil
true
kierkegaard argued that the existence of God is knowable objectively
false
for buddhists, all suffering emanates from desire
true
for judaism, devotion and obedience to Yahweh will result in special consideration and protection
true
for kierkegaard, a "leap of faith" serves no purpose in knowing whether God exists or not
false
for clifford, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence
true
for james, one can believe in God's existence without sufficient evidence
false
a term used to designate the complex mosaic of religious beliefs and practices of the majority of people in India
Hinduism
a monotheist religion that believes Muhammad i the last and final prophet to receive the word of God (Allah)
Islam
a nontheist religion that believes in the "ultimate transformation" through an aspiration to escape the world of suffering by achieving Nirvana, which is the ultimate egoless state of bliss
Buddhism
localized religions that emphasizes the development of proper relationship with the spirit world and that this spiritual world is connected with the physical world.
Indigenous sacred ways
a way of life inspired from the rhythms of the natural phenomena
Taoism
a monotheist religion that believes God (Yahweh) entered into a covenant with Abraham. Through devotion and obedience to the Yahweh, the believers will enjoy special consideration and protection
Judaism
a monotheist religion that split off from Judaism and believes that Jesus is the son of God and savior whose death and resurrection makes it possible for believers' souls to enjoy eternal life in Heaven.
Christianity