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27 terms

D'Amico Ch. 19 vocab

abdomen from readings for 2/8/12
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abdomen
largest cavity of the body and contains many organs and structures that belong to various systems
alimentary canal
continuous, hollow, muscular tube, begins at mouth and terminates at anus, includes teeth, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
accessory digestive organs
includes the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
liver
the largest gland of the body located in RUQ, inferior to diaphragm; produces and secretes bile for fat emulsification, metabolizes protein, fat, carbs; stores vitamins, produces substances for coagulation, antibodies, and detoxifies harmful substances
gallbladder
stores bile, releases to duodenum, assists with fat digestions
pancreas
triangular shaped gland in the LUQ, works as both an endocrine and exocrine gland. endocrine: secretes insulin//exocrine: releases pancreatic juice to mix with bile; assists with protein, fat, carb digestion
peritoneum
thin, double layer of serous membrane in abdominal cavity, covers most external layers of the digestive organs
mapping
process of dividing the abdominal cavity into quadrants/regions for examination purposes; it extends from the sternum and creates the RUQ, RLQ, LUQ, LLQ
striae
"stretch marks"; silvery, shiny, irregular markings on skin
bruit
pulsatile and blowing
friction rub
rough, grating sound caused by rubbing together of organs/organ rubbing on peritoneum
Blumberg's sign
sharp stabbing pain as compression area returns to noncompressed state
ascites
abnormal collection of fluid in peritoneal cavity
referred pain
located where development of structures occurred in fetus
hernia
rupture, protrusion of organ/structure through an abnormal opening/weakened area in body wall
malnutrition
imbalance, deficit/excess of required nutrients of balanced diet
obesity
20% or more above body weight
overweight
10%-20% in excess of above body weight
anorexia nervosa
complex psychosocial problem characterized by severely restricted intake of nutrients and low body weight
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
esophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneal membranes surrounding the abdomen
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
borborygmi
stomach growls
peristalsis
wavelike movement produced by muscle fibers of intestinal wall, propels intestinal contents forward
bowel sounds
irregular gurgling noises occur every 5-30 seconds, from digestive contents being moved through the intestines peristalsis
umbilical hernia
protrusion at umbilicus and visible at birth, common in children with African and Mediterranean heritage, more than 95% are resolved by the age of 5