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Topic 3: America Comes of Age
Terms in this set (58)
movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms
writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business
Muckraker: started an era of muckraking journalism (1866-1936), Writing for McClure's Magazine, he criticized the trend of urbanization with a series of articles under the title Shame of the Cities.
Muckraker: became a reporter who pointed out the terrible conditions of the tenement houses of the big cities where immigrants lived during the late 1800s. He wrote How The Other Half Lives in 1890.
reform movement that emerged in the late nineteenth century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles
community center organized at the turn of the twentieth century
1860-1935. Founder of Settlement House Movement. First American Woman to earn Nobel Peace Prize in 1931 as president of Women's Intentional League for Peace and Freedom.
election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections
process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot
process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislature
process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end
Muckraker: shocked the nation when he published The Jungle, a novel that revealed gruesome details about the meat packing industry in Chicago. The book was fiction but based on the things Sinclair had seen.
Direct Election of Senators
reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers
National Consumers League (NCL)
group organized in 1899 to investigate the conditions under which goods weree made and sold and to promote safe working conditions and a minimum wage
movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it
American leader of the movement to legalize birth control during the early 1900's. Founded the first birth control clinic in the U.S. and the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood.
Ida B. Wells
African American journalist. published statistics about lynching, urged African Americans to protest by refusing to ride streetcards or shop in white owned stores
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
group founded in 1890 that worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote
"the most famous woman of the nineteenth century;" ran the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) from 1878-97; campaigned for woman's suffrage, abstinence from alcohol, reformation of prison systems, abolition of prostitution, and elimination of wage system
the right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
WEB Du Bois
A Harvard trained professional who called for equal rights immediately for African Americans. He founded the NAACP that aimed to help African Americans improve.
group of African American thinkers founded in 1905
that pushed for immediate racial refoprms particularly in education and voting practices
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans
network of churches and clubs that set up employment agencies and relief efforts to help African Americans get settled and find work in the cities
organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements
organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community
American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924
law granted immediate U.S. citizenship to all Native American Indians born in the United States.
Economic policy by Roosevelt that favored fair relationships between companies and workers
This 1906 law used the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate the maximum charge that railroads to place on shipping goods.
Meat Inspection Act
1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 - Forbade the manufacture or sale of mislabeled or adulterated food or drugs, it gave the government broad powers to ensure the safety and efficacy of drugs in order to abolish the "patent" drug trade. Still in existence as the FDA.
(1838-1914) Naturalist who believed the wilderness should be preserved in its natural state. He was largely responsible for the creation of Yosemite National Park in California.
head of the U.S. Forest Servic under Roosevelt, who believed that it was possible to make use of natural resources while conserving them
National Reclamation Act
1902 law that gave the federal government power to decide where and how water would be distributed through the building and management of dams and irrigation projects
President Theodore Roosevelt's plan to restore the government's trustbusting power
political party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican Party in 1912
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Woodrow Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small businesses
Federal Reserve Act
1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a Federal Reserve Board, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates, and supervises commercial banks
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war. Later arbitrated split of Morocco between Germany and France.
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling the money supply and thus interest rates.
political, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
Alfred T. Mahan
Military historian and Naval officer urged American leaders to build a strong navy and obtain foreign naval bases
the belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into. The frontier provided a place for homeless and solved social problems.
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus bringing western influence to Japan while showing American might.
Hawaiian Ruler, she called for new constitution to increase her power and restore political power to Hawaiians. 1893 she was overthrown by American businessman
Sanford B. Dole
wealthy plantation owner and politician who became president of the new Republic of Hawaii
Plessy vs. Ferguson
A case that was brought to challenge segregation; court ruled that separate schools for different groups was NOT unconstitutional
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