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Studying Violence Midterm - Juvenile Administration
Terms in this set (47)
What is the 21 Day Rule?
if child is detained, must be brought to trial within 21 days, if not child can be released; exceptions: can be extended additional 9 days
Detention for children charged with misdemeanors?
children today in FL may not be detained for misdemeanors, except domestic violence for 48 hrs
Transfer to adult court. What are the ways?
1. indictment, if child is charged with life felony or capital offense; 2. direct file, state attorney; 3. waiver, state attorney files a motion asking ocurt to transfer child to adult court, judge
Most frequent time of day for juvenile delinquency?
3-6 pm, right after school
What is the Aging out process?
most kids tend to reduce their delinquent acts naturally
What is Chancery Courts?
court of equity for orphaned children
What is the Factory Act?
US Colonial Law stating how young and how long a child can work in a factory
What are Stubborn Child Laws?
if a child misbehaves they'll be whipped and town is forced to watch
What are Child savers?
first known reformers of juvenile justice system of US; advocated for children to have their own probation
What was the age when a child could not be charged with a crime?
7 and under; mens rea
What is AA vs. Roe Florida case ruling of contempt in status offenders?
ruled that juvenile court cannot hold status offender in a detention center or contempt of court; must be placed in a secure residential center
What status offense do girls get arrested for more than boys?
running away from home
What is a Status Offense? (+examples)
something illegal only because of age; running away from home, truancy, underage drinking
What are Self Reports?
anonymous report detailing crimes teens commit and how many times, what kind of acts; most famous is University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future
What Self Reports show regarding the correlation between race, class, and delinquency?
race class and delinquency - shows who (what race) is reporting the same amount of crimes and the same types of crimes = shows discrimination/racism in the courts
Who becomes a Chronic Juvenile offender?
those who get arrested 4+ times, responsible for an over representation of crime in their communities (if you took those kids out, the crime would go down) 1. truant, 2. crime families 3. victims of abuse
Who is more likely to become victims of a crime, kids or their grandparents?
kids are 15-20x more likely
What is Choice Theory?
some children just chose to commit a crime
What is Situational Crime Prevention?
aims to reduce the opportunity children have to commit a crime (curfews, no spray cans, cigarettes )
What is the correlation with IQ and delinquency?
Hershey's theory - more important than race, scial ecomnomic class in determining a child's delinquency is their IQ = how the child is doing in school
What is the Social Disorganization Theory?
delinquency occurs in neighborhoods that are in transition- incapable of caring for he children within it- trap houses, crack houses, abandoned houses
What is the Strain Theory?
crime is a function of the goals people have, choosing unacceptable ways to achieve the goals
What is Anomie?
the feeling of frustration/stress when the child choosing/ has to achieve these goals in an illegal way
What is the Learning Theory?
all kids are born good, they learn how to be bad or delinquent, 1. parents 2. brothers 3. friends
What is the Age of Onset?
main concern should be the kids committing crimes at early ages (6,7); the earlier a child starts committing delinquent acts, the more frequent criminal career he'll have
What is the best predictor of future crime?
What critical points in life can stop a child from committing delinquent acts?
1. marriage, 2. career/job, 3. joining the military, 4. new friends/ stop hanging with bad or old friends
What does it mean that delinquency is intergenerational?
"my clients marry other clients who have baby clients"
What is the Gender schema theory?
the roles society puts kids into as they are growing up that causes them to be delinquent
What is the Chivalry hypothesis?
different rates between boys and girls, most of the different actors (police, judges, etc.) are male and they cut females a break; 20% of people arrested are female but only 5% of people in prison are female
What is the correlation between Poor home life and female delinquency?
girls in detention centers are victims of some sort of abuse, poor home life
What is the correlation between Family disruption?
minorities suffer from more family disruption than majority children
What is the correlation between Self report and divorce?
rates are the same
What is the correlation between Witnessing abuse and delinquency?
more delinquent/ just as detrimental as if they had been abused themselves
What is the effect of Marriage and delinquency?
does not help/no effect
What is the correlation between Family size and delinquency?
large families causes more delinquency (middle child)
What is the Contagion effect?
negative influence on a non delinquent brother or sister
What is Neglect?
depriving a child of food, shelter, and love
Who commits the most child abuse?
parents/ care takers
What is Co-offending?
most kids do not commit their delinquent acts alone, they commit them with other kids
What are Gangs?
long lived complex institutions that have a distinct structure in organization including an identifiable leader, division of labor, rules, rituals, and possessions
Where are most gangs Located?
mostly in transitional neighborhoods and stable slums
What does it mean what graffiti is Crossed Out?
means territory is in dispute
What is the correlation between Gang members and their rate of victimization?
gang members become victims of crime than non gang members
What is Prestige Crime?
when a gang kid will commit a crime to gain status in his gang (assault of a police officer)
What does it mean that Gangs are homogeneous?
all white/ all black/ all Hispanic (don't usually mix)
What is Doyle's Study on Foster Care?
kids in foster care vs. kids left in their dysfunctional family; hypothesis: taking kid out of dysfunctional home will make kid less delinquent; found opposite; kids in foster home were more delinquent than those left in dysfunctional home
Sets with similar terms
Child Welfare Exam 2
Juvenile Justice Ch. 5: Juvenile Victims
Chapter 5 Juvenile Victims
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