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Film Studies Test 1

Credited with early film in France.

Lumiere Brothers

camera does NOT move, lends is focused down from long-shot to a close-up while the picture is still being shown


visual display is changed rapidly enough for the eye to be fooled into seeing movement

Apparent Motion

Shot of small object or part of face that fills the screen

extreme close up

camer IS moving smoothly towards or away from object


camera shot usually a cutaway showing a reaction to an action

reaction shot

early device that showed apparent motion


number of frames per second


subject or actor and setting are equal parts in frame


the direction and height from which a camera takes a scene


mount for a motion picture camera which moves to isolate movement of camera from operator

steady cam

angle that looks down at what is being photographed


vertical movement of camera while it stays in a fixed position


division of screen into 2 parts

split screen

credited as the created of the earliest American Film

William Dickson

impression of an imaging merging and then becoming abother


camera swivels (same base position)


sudden change from one shot to another


approximates human vision

eye level

2+ images placed over each other

super impositions

Edison's recording device

Kenetograph, Kenetoscope

first film shown to public in 1891

Dickson's greeting

shot made of action in front of projection screen having still or moving images as a background

process shot

abrupt cut from one scene to another


rather personal" film in early cinema made by Edison and Co.

The Kiss

2 separate images are cut together to create a third meaning


picture gradually appears or disappears from a blank screen


picture that shows fairly small part of a a scene in great detail so it fills the screen

close up

interruption of a continuously filed action by inserting something else


shot which shows all or most of a fairly large subject and usually much of their surroundings


opening shot or sequence, frequently an exterior

establishing shot

in case of standing actor where frame cuts off ankles and feet

medium mlong

jerk, bouncy image creating sense of immediacy or chaos

hand held

shot of two people together

two shot

a picture on a film strip


frequency at which an intermittent light stimulus appears to be completely steady to the observer

critical flicker fusion

forehead to chin

big close up

setting can still be seen- line through chest

medium close

shot made from a camera position close to line of sight of performer who is watching the action shown

point of view

angle in which the camera is below the character, exaggerating their importance


close up shot placed into larger context offering essential detail to the scene

insert shot

type of cut with familiar relation ship between shots, generally a completion of action


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