22 terms

3.1 Structures and Principles of the Constitution

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Goals for American Government as Stated in the Preamble
1.) Form a more perfect union
2.) Establish Justice
3.) Insure domestic tranquility
4.) Provide for a common defense
5.) Promote general welfare
6.) Secure blessings pf liberty to ourselves and out posterity
Article 1
Establish legislative branch
Article 2
Creates executive branch
Article 3
Establish supreme court (judicial)
Article 4
Explains relationship between states to one another and the national government
Article 5
Spells out how to amend the Contitution
Article 6
Supremacy Clause (Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the U.S. "shall be the supreme Law of the Land)
Article 7
Ratification and declares that the Constitution would take effect after it was ratified by nine states.
Principles of the Constitution
1.) Popular Sovereignty
2.) Federalism
3.) Separation of Powers
4.) Checks and Balances
5.) Judicial Review
6.) Limited Government
Popular Sovereignty
Rule by the people, consent of the governed
Federalism
Power is divided between national and state governments
Separation of Powers
Each branch has duties
Checks and Balances
Divides power so no one branch becomes too powerful
Judicial Review
Power of the courts to say that laws and of local, state, or national governments are invalid because they conflict with the principles of the Constitution
Limited Government
Constitution specifically states the powers the government is allowed as well as the powers that are prohibited to it
This part of the Constitution lists six goals for the national government
the Preamble
This part of the Constitution defines the three branches of government
the Articles
This section of the Constitution is responsive to the needs of a changing nation
the Amendments
The president can check Congress by using this power
Veto
Congress can ___ a veto by a 2/3 vote of each house.
Override
This branch of government is the final authority on the Constitution
Judicial
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