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43 terms

New Testament Background (NT BIB1120)

Religious & Philosophical Movements
STUDY
PLAY
Pharisees
separated ones
Pias Ones
Pharisees
oral traditions of the rabbis
Pharisees
came mostly from the middle class
Pharisees
Many Scribes
were Pharisees
only accepted the authority of the law of Moses
Sadducees
rejected supernatural ideas
Sadducees
disappeared from history, in 70 A.D.
Sadducees
grew out of the Hasidim
Essenes
Many scholars believe that they were the religious group that produced the Dead Sea Scrolls
Essenes
Jewish revolutionaries; dedicated overthrow Roman rule
Zealots
descendants of those from the northern kingdom of Israel
Samaritans
ethnically and religiously segregated
Samaritans
own version of the Pentateuch
Samaritans
were the masses of common people in Israel
people of the land
no formal membership
people of the land
Pharisees looked down on
people of the land
Jews were those who lived outside of the land of Israel
Jews of the diaspora
retained both their Jewish faith and Jewish culture
Hebraists
retained their Jewish faith, but took on Greek culture
Hellenists
most famous Hellenistic Jew
Philo of Alexandria
center of Jewish life
synagogue
1st general observation of the Jewish World
the people were devoted to one God and to his law
2nd general observation of the Jewish World
Many Jews longed for a Messiah
3rd general observation of the Jewish World
Most Jews were influenced by Greek culture
4th general observation of the Jewish World
Before the destruction of the temple, Judaism was diverse.
were no longer received received religious devotion from most people
the old gods
usually included a basic myth, public festivals, and secret initiations and rites
Mystery religions
Demeter, Isis, Dionysus, Cybele, and Mithra
Mystery religions
more popular gods in the 1st century (e.g.. god of healing)
Asclepius
considered a patriotic duty, a pledge of allegiance
emperor worship
Philosophy: pleasure
Epicureanism
Philosophy: fate
Stoicism
Philosophy: personal freedom, ridiculed
Cynicism
Philosophy: individual truth
Skepticism
material world was evil; spiritual world was good
Gnosticism
person at death move from earth to heaven...secret knowledge and passwords
Gnosticism
were full converts
Gentile proselytes
practiced Judaism...unwilling to undergo the full law
God-fearers
1st general observation of the Gentile World
people were ready for change
2nd general observation of the Gentile World
people cared about their personal destiny
3rd general observation of the Gentile World
people were becoming less ethnic and more universal in their religious beliefs
4th general observation of the Gentile World
people saw little need to be devoted to just one god