prosecuted minorty to state religion, religion of slaves and women blessed are you who are poor. first illegal, prosecution,
strong belief in sin and disease, this is a consequence of mankinds fallen nature, original sin, also seen in greek relgious healing..
stronger emphasis on healing power of the holy man and women: people presented religious charisma as the ability to work healing miracles.
creation of a charitable hospital.
jesus as the healer, miracle worker, heals people of blindness paralysis, physical contact with jesus is important.
healing miracles as propaganda, apostlses
systematized and unified the field of medicine, powerful source of ancient texts, also made acievements in surgery, especially aopthamolgoy, and pharmacology, de materia medica, concept of contagion(antiquity thought of this as bad air)
islamic hospital, similar to the christian monasteries, more elaborate, separate facilities for men and women, in patient, out patient, first hospital was bagdad in the 9th century,
originally monasteries, monte cassino and school of salerno, founded in 6th century,
salerno near monte cassino became an improtant center of medical learning 11th century.
school of salerno 1080-1200, medical shol strong trade relations with arab cities, translated texts from the east.
constantine the african, monk, translated several medical writings, anatomical vocaublary,
established a medical canon the articella, little art of medicine, texts from hippocrates, theolphilus, philaretus and galen, basis for advanced medical teaching throughout western europe, latin but also vernacular. bookiesh.
anatomy, fundamental organs of the body (heart, brain and liver)
arteries and veins have two independent systems
health and illlness
health=balance of the four humors
this balance is varried according to age, sex and diet,
the four temperments and complexions,
choleric:yellow bile, fire, hot and dry
sanguine: blood, air, wet and hot
phlegmatic: phlegm, water and cold
melancolic: excess of black bile. earth dry adn cold
galenic therapy: 6 non naturals
diet, air, sleep, feelings, exercise, excretions.
the role of the galenic physician was to regulate all of these, remedies often produced the opposite to these, allopathy(treat disease with opposite) vs. homeopathy(treaet disease with similar)
galen soon overshadows hippocrates, we could read galens work and still get hippocrates ideas but through galens lens and interpretation.
200 ad, limited disection, was unsurpassed until vesalius 1400 years later,
physiology, pathology, pulses, hygeine and therapy.
believed that the best physician is the one who is also a philospher, attempted find a way of philopspy or of a systemaitc approach to physiology of gippocratic texts. platonic and aristolean
rational and empiricists (mostly rational) personal observation and experience,
remains relevant for a long time, continues to be taught throughout alexandria, especially the eastern half of the roman empire.