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27 terms

Scentific Revolution Test

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Copernicus
Poland, developed heliocentric theory, "On the Revolution of Heavenly Bodies"
Brahe
Netherlands, recorded movements of planets, influenced Kepler
Kepler
Germany, discovered elliptical pattern and proved Copernicus right
Galileo Galilei
Italy, law of the pendulum, discovered weight has nothing to do with the speed of falling and gravity
Bacon
England, founded scientific method, encouraged experimenting instead of accepting ideas
Descartes
France, "I think, therefore I am" analytical geometry, father of modern philosophy
Newton
England, theory of gravity, laws of motion
Janssen
Netherlands, eyeglass maker who created the microscope
van Leeuwenhoek
Netherlands, used the microscope to observe bacteria in tooth shavings and observed red blood cells
Torricelli
Italy, student of Galileo, developed 1st mercury barometer to measure pressure and predict weather
Fahrenheit
Netherlands, made 1st mercury thermometer in glass, water freezes at 32 degrees
Celsius
Sweden, created mercury thermometer that said water freezes at 0 degrees
Galen
Ancient Greece, dissected animals to study anatomy and assumed humans are the same
Vesalius
Belgium, proves Galen wrong, dissected human corpses, "On the Fabric of the Human Body"
W. Harvey
England, discovered heart was a pump, "On the motion of the heart and blood"
Jenner
England, 1st vaccine, germs fro cattle to prevent small pox
Boyles
Ireland, 1st to use the scientific method in chemistry, his law explains how temperature, gas and pressure affect each other
Priestly
England, discovered oxygen but did not name it
Lavoisier
France, named oxygen
Mary Astell
England, "A Serious Proposal to the Ladies", addressed lack of education for women and the different roles in a marriage, feminist pioneer
Mary Wollstonecraft
England, "A Vindication of the Rights of Women" argued women should be doctors and nurses
Marie-Therese Geoffrin
France, hosted Paris salons, leading figure in French Enlightenment
Mozart
Austria, ages 5-35 wrote 600 musical works, 5 first musical compositions, age 12 first opera
Beethoven
Austria, musician, composer, famous for 5th and 9th symphonies
Richardson
England, Author of 1st English novel, Pamela
Defoe
England, Author of "Robinson Crusoe"
Diderot
France, author of 1st Encyclopedia