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Odyssey Study Guide
Terms in this set (53)
What is Telemachus doing while his father has been absent for so long?
Learning like any young boy, and searching for answers, traveling around and looking for where he might be
What is the effect of the lotus blossoms?
It's like an opiate or a drug that makes them never want to leave
Who (what group) is reflective of this in O' Brother?
The religious people getting baptized.
How is the epic machinery of repeating events three times reflected in the tale of the Cyclops?
opening the cave, letting the sheep in, closing the cave, repeat.
How does the Cyclops abuse the Rule of Hospitality?
He eats and traps his guests and also calls out Zeus
How does Odysseus tricked Polyphemous?
He says his name is Nobody and then stabs his eye out Polyphemous yells about Nobody, and then they escape by clinging to the bottom of his lambs.
Why are descriptions of events overtly violent and bloody?
Because these stories were geared to soldiers returned to war and itching to be back out on the war grounds.
Who is Polyphemous's father? Why is this significant?
Poseidon, because he is the god of the sea an Odysseus is a sailor, when Polyphemous asks his father to smite Odysseus he can wreck his boat and never let him go home.
How does Odysseus keep his men from crashing their ship into the rocks?
he skirts the edge of the pool and gets there during the small time it's inactive.
What morality lesson may Homer be trying to impart with the story of the Sirens?
That women are seductresses and evil, so don't be lured in by their false tunes/words
What does their song represent?
Forbidden the intercourse.
What unfortunate decision must Odysseus make in this tale?
Sacrifice 6 of his best men.
Why does Odysseus keep the information he has from Circe about Scylla & Charybdis to himself?
So his men don't freak out and try to abandon ship and mutiny.
How is the ending of the tale of Scylla & Charybdis similar to what readers see in other adventures of Odysseus?
Many men died and Odysseus is left.
What is the epic simile used here?
Scylla is like a fisherman and her victims are the fish she's captured.
Why does the crew stay on Helios' island?
Because they need to rest up and collect fresh drinking water.
What is the one thing they are warned against?
Eating Helios's cattle.
How does Eurylochus justify eating the cattle?
He'd rather die quickly at the hand of the gods rather than a slow painful death by starvation.
Who does Helios appeal to for justice? What does he threaten to do?
He appeals to Zeus and threatens to put the sun in the Underworld so the land will never see the sun if he does not get vengeance.
What happens to the crew?
they're killed when the ship is striked by lightning
Why does Telemachus think Odysseus is a God at first?
Because Athena had disguised him as an old man, and she suddenly turns him back when he reveals himself to Telemachus.
How does the reader know that Odysseus's travels have changed him?
He returns home as a begar, he doesn't brag anymore, and he is more cunning than ever.
How does Odysseus convince Telemachus that he is his father?
He tells him the story of his travels.
How does Odysseus convince Telemachus that they can beat the suitors?
He explains that Zeus and Athena are on his side.
Why does Odysseus want to keep his return a secret?
He wants to surprise attack the suitors.
How do the suitors abuse the Rule of Hospitality?
They come everyday to feast on food that is not their's and are rude and mean to their hostess.
How does Antinous prove himself the worst of the suitors?
e won't give a poor beggar, really Odysseus, a crust of bread that he has plenty of because it's not even 'his' food.
How does Odysseus give Penelope hope at the end of this section?
He tells her that Odysseus will return soon and that he battled next to him in the war.
What is unusual about his approach?
He doesn't reveal to his own wife that he is back.
What is the test that Penelope devices to choose a new husband?
They must string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through axels set in a row in the ground.
Who is the first suitor that is killed? Why?
Antinuos because he is the meanest of all the suitors.
What deal does Eurymachus try to make with Odysseus?
That Antinuous was the ringleader and he got his revenge, all the suitors will give im 20 oxen and many rich gifts if he does not kill them all too.
What reasons does Odysseus give for refusing?
They had done this to themseleves by forcing themselves upon his house, so they would fight their way out of it.
What is the epic simile used here?
Odysseus is a lion and fawns are the suitors.
How has Penelope kept the suitors at bay for 20 years?
Making a shawl for Laertes, Odysseus's father for when he dies. She picks out her work at night.
What test does Penelope devise to tell whether the stranger is really Odysseus?
She asks him how her bed was made.
How does Penelope show that she and Odysseus are well matched?
She is smart and has cleverly outwitted the suitors, and come up with a good way to make sure he was actually her husband.
Delmer, Pete, Athena Zeus, Telemachus, Penelope, Penny
Stages of the epic hero cycle
-Main character is a hero -Hero is charged with a quest -The hero is tested -the presence of numerous mythical beings or helpers -the hero's travels take him to a supernatural world that normal people are usually barred from entering -low point wher the hero is almost defeated -Ressurection -Restitution -
Which god(ess) supports Odysseus most in his journey? Obstructs his progress most?
Support- Athena and Zeus Against- Helios and Poseidon
Odysseus taunting the cyclops is an example of what sin?/What is his flaw?
Boasting, being too prideful
What are Odysseus's physical and mental "superpowers"?
Cunning, quick-witted, strong
Heroes in classical epics are never what?
What is hubris?
boastful and prideful
How are Odysseus and Everett's sins/flaws similar?
both prideful and vain.
What are examples of abstract archetypal symbols?
What are examples of character archetypes?
Creationer, lover, sage, ruler
What are examples of archetypal situations?
ressurection, restitution, Hero is charged with a quest.
When and where is O' Brother Where Art Thou set?
deep south 1930s
How do readers know that Odysseus has changed?
He returns to Ithaca as a beggar, and doesn't boast of his adventures any longer.
Why did epic poets use the technique of repeating events three times?
To help the them remember their stories, oral tradition, and to put emphasis on it.
What is the epic simile that is employed in the Odyssey?
Fishermen and their fishes.
What do modern readers know about Homer?
He wrote the Illiad and the Odyssey supposedly, but other than that not much
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