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37 terms

Chapter 12 quiz

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What is decreased mobility of the lower esophagus and constriction of the lower esophageal sphincter called?
Achalasia
What are inflamed diverticula collectively known as?
Diverticulitis
Which type of hernia has the greatest potential for herniation?
Femoral Hernia
What is the medical term for excessive vomiting?
Hyperemesia
Select the medical term for "canker sores."
Aphthous Stomatitis
What are rough elevations covering the tongue's upper surface?
Papillae
What is another term for a diaphragmatic hernia?
Hiatal Hernia
Which term best describes a yellow skin discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclera of the eyes?
Icterus
What is a rotation or twisting of loops of bowel called?
Volvulus
What is plastic surgery of the mouth called?
Stomatoplasty
An umbilical hernia is a protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the ____?
Navel
What is a positive stool exam for occult blood significant for?
Colorectal Cancer
What is an obstruction of the intestine known as?
Ileus
Select the medical term for "cold sores."
Herpetic Stomatitis
What are non-inflamed diverticula collectively known as?
Diverticulosis
What is a mass formed during the process of chewing?
Bolus
What is the medical term for gallstones?
Cholelithiasis
What is "current jelly stool" a clinical manifestation of?
Intussusception
What might bleeding gums be a sign of?
Gingivitis
What is the frequent passage of loose watery stool known as?
Diarrhea
What is an outpouching through the muscular layer of the intestine, often associated with the sigmoid colon, called?
Diverticulum
What is an enzyme that has very high concentrations in liver cells?
Serum Glutamic-Oxaloactic Transaminase
Which disease of the liver is known as the result of alcoholism or malnutrition due from degeneration of the hepatocytes?
Cirrhosis
What is a white or gray lesion in the mouth that is precancerous?
Oral Leukoplakia
conversion of glucose to glycogen
Glycogenesis
surgical creation of a new opening between the colon and abdominal wall
Colostomy
exam through the abdominal wall
Laparoscopy
creation of a new opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall
Ileostomy
removal of all or part of the colon
Colectomy
varicosities of the lower rectum
Hemorrhoids
gurgling, tinkling noises heard with a stethoscope
Borborygmi
air passed from the stomach through the mouth
Eructation
fecal test for occult blood
Stool Guaiac
repair of a defect of the lip
Cheiloplasty
IBS is the abbreviation for ______________________________.
Irritable bowel syndrome
GERD is the abbreviation for ___________________________________.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GI is the abbreviation for ________________
Gastrointestinal