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Chapters 3 & 4 Government Test
Terms in this set (50)
Which of the following statements is true of the elastic clause?
It gives congress the power to make laws deemed necessary and powerful.
Which of the following examples best depicts the supremacy clause of the constitution?
The United States establishes the voting age to be 18.
A change to the original document, such as the Constitution, is an
In what way can the meaning of the Constitution change over time?
The judiciary can change the way they interpret the meaning of the Constitution.
To establish residency in another state, a person may have to
live in that state a certain period of time.
To maintain law and order in their state, governors can use their power as
commander-in-chief of the National guard
Which of the following is an enumerated power of Congress?
the power to levy taxes on citizens
How does representation in the U.S. Senate differ from representation in the House?
The number of representatives in the House is based on state population
In what way is the structure of state governments like that of the federal government?
Both have legislative representatives to pass laws
Which of the following rules applies to the amendment process?
Congress must set limits on ratification of amendments.
A twenty-first century liberal is more likely to
believe in the supremacy of the national government.
Thomas Jefferson was a proponent of
direct election of members of the House of Representatives.
Which of the following is an example of checks and balances in the United States?
The president appoints judges to the Supreme Court
In the Federalist Papers, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay supported
division of power into three branches of government.
Which of the following is an implied power of the national government?
develop nuclear weapons
A sunset law
has an automatic end date
Under a republican form of government
voters hold sovereign power
In Texas vs. Johnson, the Supreme Court ruled that flag-burning is protected by the
What is the main reason that one state might receive more in a block grant than another state?
on may have more population
Which of the following is a denied power to both federal and state governments?
granting someone a title of nobility
Citizens who commit a major crime would be tried in a
Which of the following is an example of judicial review?
The Supreme court interprets the Constitution and overturns a state law
Which of the following is the best example of a concurrent power of the state and national governments?
State governments are like the federal government in that they
have a judiciary with courts to uphold laws
The right to due process of law is guaranteed by the
How do unicameral and bicameral legislatures differ?
Bicameral legislatures have two houses, a unicameral legislature has one house.
If lawmakers are part of the general court, they are in their state's
Karl Marx envisioned a state where communism would be the end result. How was Marx's vision of communism different from the communism that exists today?
In the vision of communism, property would collectively belong to the people.
Which of these is a characteristic of a traditional economy?
Barter is used instead of money
States cannot violate due process laws because
due process is guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution
Which of these statements is based on John Locke's definition of the social contract?
A government operates with the goal of promoting human rights
A state has sovereignty when it is able to do which of the following?
freely create and enforce laws
In what basic way can all people influence public policy?
Voting on a regular basis
Public policy is
a course of action that a government decides to take
Which principle of democracy establishes freedom of speech?
bill of rights
Which of the following best defines constitutional amendment?
changes to the original Constitution
If the Supreme Court denies an amendment to a state constitution because it conflicts with the U.S. Constitution, the Court is using the concept of
The Seventeenth Amendment changed how U.S. Senate positions were filled by
allowing U.S. citizens to directly elect senators
To protect freedom of religion, the Founders established separation of _______ and state
In the system of checks and balances, veto power is balanced by
the power of Congress to override a veto
What was the main reason that the Framers created federalism?
to protect themselves from an all-powerful central government
Which branch of government interprets the law and includes the Supreme Court?
the judicial branch
Which of the following powers would you categorize under state government?
Which of the following best describes the formal process of amending the Constitution?
Propose an amendment, then have state legislatures ratify it
According to the Supreme Court, what made the 2010 Affordable Care Act constitutional?
It fell under Congress's taxing power
After achieving independence from Britain, U.S. leaders created an executive branch that
had limited power but could enforce laws
If fewer than two-thirds of the states approve it,
an amendment cannot be added to the Consitution
Which of the following statements best defines federalism?
Two or more governments have power over the same people in the same territory.
A twenty-first century conservative is more likely to
be a Republican and take a state's rights position
Regarding education, state governments
establish policies that school districts must follow
Who are the 8 supreme court justices
What office monitors and evaluates congressional proceedings and actions that effect the Department of the Navy?
It is the office of the Texas executive perceived to be the most powerful because it presides over the senate and chairs the legislative budget board
There is a National Policy on Sexual Harassment and Human Dignity. True or False?
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