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21 terms

Nutrition and Your Health

Nutrition for Health
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nutrition
The process by which your body take in and uses food.
nutrients
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
calorie
is a unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food.
hunger
is the natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food.
appetite
is the psychological desire for food
carbohydrates
are starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy.
fiber
a tough complex carbohydrate that the bod cannot digest.
proteins
are nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues.
cholesterol
a waxy, fatlike substance in your blood.
vitamins
are compounds found made in all living things. that help regulate many body processes. Assists many chemical reactions in the body.
minerals
are elements found in food that are used by the body.
osteoporosis
A condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
are a set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all Americans
MyPlate
an interactive guide to healthful eating and active living.
nutrient-dense
These foods have a high ratio of nutrients to calories.
food additives
substances add to a food to produce a desired effect.
foodborne illness
or food poisoning.
pasteurization
is trating a substance with heat to kill or slow the groth of pathogens.
food allergy
is a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods.
food intolerance
a negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system.
fat
Nutrient that supplies energy, maintains body temperature and protects nerve