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41 terms

Chapter 13 quiz

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Individuals with NIDDM, Type II diabetes, use insulin injections to control the disease.
False
Adrenaline is another name for antidiuretic hormone.
False
Luteinizing hormone is necessary for female ovulation.
True
The HgbA1C test is a blood test that shows the average level of glucose in an individual's blood during the last 3 months.
True
Another name for Graves' disease is hyperthyroidism.
True
Insulin shock is a state of shock due to extremely high blood sugar level.
False
Insulin shock is a state of shock due to extremely low blood sugar level.
The medical term for excessive thirst is polydipsia
True
The medical term for excessive eating is polyphasia.
False
The medical term for excessive eating is polyphagia.
A complication of hypocalcemia, that is characterized by severe cramping and twitching of the muscles and sharp flexion of the wrist and ankle joints is known as tetany.
True
Which pancreatic diagnosis exhibits symptoms ranging from mild pancreatic edema to massive necrotizing pancreatic hemorrhage?
Acute Pancreatitis
What is simple hyperplasia of the thyroid gland known as?
Goiter
Select the eponym associated with hyperthyroidism.
Grave's Disease
What is an abnormal outward protrusion of the eyes known as?
Exophthalmia
Which term best describes excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern?
Hirsutism
What is the condition caused by hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty?
Acromegaly
What is an insulin disorder associated with the pancreas known as?
Diabetes Mellitus
Select the diagnosis that best describes diabetes associated with pregnancy.
Gastational Diabetes
Which diagnosis best describes an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland?
Hashimoto's Disease
Select the term that best describes any disease of a gland
Adenopathy
Which type of diabetes is due to a deficiency in the secretion of antidiuretic hormone?
Diabetes insipidus
Which term best describes the development of masculine physical traits in a woman?
Virilism
What is a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland that causes hypertension and heart palpitations?
Pheochromocytoma
What is the most severe form of hypothyroidism in an adult called?
Myxedema
Insulin
decreases blood glucose levels
ADH
regulates fluid/electrolyte balance
Calcitonin
regulates the level of calcium in the blood
Aldosterone
regulates fluid/electrolyte balance
Cathecholamines
increases blood glucose levels
Glucagon
increases blood glucose levels
Progesterone
promotes maturation of the ovum
Somatotropin
regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues
Luteinizing Hormone
stimulates testosterone secretion
Oxytocin
stimulates uterine contraction
Testosterone
promotes sperm maturation
Adrenaline
increases heart rate
Prolactin
stimulates milk secretion
Melatonin
may induce sleep
Hydrocortisone
increases blood glucose levels
The abbreviation for potassium is _______
K
The abbreviation for antidiuretic hormone is _____
ADH
The abbreviation for fasting blood sugar is ____
FBS