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developed by John B. Watson, claims that most human behavior is not instinctive but learned within social environment
symbolic interaction approach
ignores how structural factors such as class affect people's experiences
by using this we see that rich societies prolong childhood much longer than poor societies
cause and effect relationship
doesn't occur when each variable is shown to be independent of the other
Pre operational Stage
created by Jean Piaget, the level of development at which individuals first use language and other cultural symbols
structural functional approach
views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
extended Lawrence Kohnberg's research, showing that girls and boys typically use different standards in assessing situations as right and wrong
unrecognized and unintended consequences of the social structure are called latent functions
highlights the fact that it is not so much what people do that matters as much as what the meaning that they attach to their behavior
Comte's Metaphysical State
Thomas Hobbes idea that society reflects a selfish human nature illustrates thinking similar to this
social conflict approach
can be called the framework for building theory that sees society as an area of inequality that generates conflict and change
stripping away an old identity, then building a new identity reflects Goffmans description of this
the lifelong social experience by which human beings develop their potential and learn culture
drawing conclusions about all of humanity based on information drawn only from males
an education program that recognizes the cultural diversity of the united states and promotes equality of all cultural traditions
refers to the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together constitute a people's way of life
when people model themselves after the members of peer groups they would like to join they are engaging in this
this typically has the greatest influence on the socialization process especially in the early years
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