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46 terms

Chapter 14 quiz

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The middle ear controls our sense of equilibrium
False
Endolymph and perilymph help transmit sound waves
True
The organ of Corti is located in the cochlea.
True
Intraocular pressure is measured by gonioscopy
False
Intraocular pressure is measured by tonometry.
Ophthalmoscopy is the examination of the external and internal structures of the eye with an instrument called an otoscope.
False
The outermost layer, white portion of the eye, is the sclera.
True
The ability of the lens to clearly focus on objects at various distances is known as accommodation.
True
Drooping of the upper eyelid is known as blepharochalasis.
False
Drooping of the upper eyelid is known as blepharoptosis.
An obvious inward turning of one eye in relation to the other eye is called crosseyes or esotropia.
True
Inflammation of the iris is known as iridocyclitis
False
Inflammation of the iris is known as iritis
A miotic is an agent that causes the pupil of the eye to dilate.
False
A miotic is an agent that causes the pupil of the eye to constrict.
The ____ is also known as the "white" of the eyes
Sclera
Select the term that best describes farsightedness
Hyperopia
Select the diagnosis that best describes middle ear infection.
Otitis Media
What is a sensation of "dizziness" associated with balance, equilibrium, or an inner ear problem known as?
Vertigo
What is the inability to distinguish any color called?
Achronatic Vision
What is an abnormal ringing or tinkling noise in the ear called?
Tinnitus
Select the term that describes an incision into the eardrum.
Myringotomy
Which term is used to identify nearsightedness?
Myopia
This Cystic mass may be a result of chronic otitis media
Cholesteatoma
What is the medical term for "swimmer's ear"?
Otitis Externa
What is bacterial infection of an eyelash follicle called?
Hordeolum
Which term best describes lens cloudiness or loss of transparency?
Cataract
What is loss of hearing due to the natural aging process known as?
Presbycusis
What is immobility of the footplate of the stapes called?
Otosclerosis
Select the medical term for "pinkeye."
Conjunctivitis
What is a refractive error involving an abnormally shaped cornea and irregularly focused light rays called?
Astigmatism
What is loss of vision due to old age known as?
Presbyopia
What might a common earache be referred to as?
Otalgia
Select the condition associated with an obstructed meibomian gland.
Chalazion
Select the term that best describes color blindness.
Monochromatism
What is increased intraocular pressure often described as?
Glaucoma
Select the term that best describes moving the "pinna" closer to the head.
Otoplasty
What is the inability to distinguish reds from greens called?
Daltonism
What is a refractive error associated with aging called
Presbyopia
A collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the eustachian tube is known as:
Serous Otitis Media
Sclera
maintains eyeball shape
Conjuntiva
lines inner surfaces of eyelids and outer surfaces of the eye
Cochlea
houses the organ of hearing
Pupil
controls light entering the eye
Suspensory Ligament
holds lens in place; adjusts shape
Organ of Corti
true organ of hearing
Cones
control color, central, bright light vision
Rods
control peripheral, dim light vision
Ciliary Body
adjusts eye to view near objects
Semicircular Canals
associated with balance