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29 terms

RCT Prep Chp 5 Parts III, IV, V and VI

STUDY
PLAY
Radiation
Form of energy from the sun that reaches the earth
Winds
Air currents that move across the earth's surface
Prevailing Winds
Wind that always blow in the same patterns
Wind Belts
Patterns made by the prevailing winds
Doldrums
When there is very little air moving, calmness
Trade Winds
Winds moving south
Prevailing Westerlies
Winds moving north
Polar Easterlies
Winds moving back towards the equator
Evaporates
Water enters the atmosphere
Water Vapor
Water in a gaseous state
Condensing
When water vapor turns into water droplets
Dew Point
The temperature at which the water vapor starts condensing into water drops
Fog
Is a cloud that forms right next to the ground
Dew
Forms when warm air comes in contact with a coll surface
Frost
Water vapor condenses right into frozen ice crystals
Precipation
Any kind of condensed water that falls from the sky. ie: rain, sleet, snow and hail
Water Cycle
The continuous movement of water between the earth's surface and the atmosphere
Thunderstorm
A local storm
Lighening
Always accompanies thunderstorms and iis a huge electrical discharge
Tornadoes
Are violent circular winds associated with severe thunderstorms
Hurricanes
Giganic whirling storms with high winds, torrential rains, and storm surges capable of causing wide-spread flooding and destruction
Climate
Changes of air conditions at a particular place over a long period of time
Latitude
A measure of how far to the north or south pf the equator the place is
Altitude
The height of a place above sea level
Temperate
Climate that has warm summers and cold winters
Air
Is a mixture of gases; 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .03% carbon dioxide and trace other gases
Natural Contaminents
Are substances added to the air by such natural happenings as volcanic erruptions, forest fires, dust and pollen
Air Pollutants
Are substances added to the air by human activity, such as undesirable gases, ligids and solid materials
Inversion
Occurs when the surface air is cooler than the layer above it, so the air cannot rise and the pollutants may accumulate