Occurs when the Sun is directly overhead at 23.5° north latitude (the tropic of cancer), around June 21, and results in the maximum number of daylight hours for the northern hemisphere and the minimum number for the southern hemisphere.
Occurs when the Sun is directly overhead at 23.5° south latitude (Tropic of Capricorn), around December 21, and results in the minimum number of daylight hours for the northern hemisphere and the maximum number for the southern hemisphere.
twice-yearly time each spring and fall-when the Sun is directly over the equator and the number of daylight and nighttime hours are equal worldwide
3 facts about the sun
gives off heat
planets and other space bodies revolve around it
93 million miles away from Earth
Made of boiling gas
How does Earth's tilt cause changes in the seasons
When the Sun is directly over the Tropic of cancer, it is summer in the northern hemisphere, but winter in the southern hemisphere
What bodies make up the solar system
sun, Earth, 8 other planets and thousands of smaller space bodies
How does the position of Earth determine whether a day is one of the solstice or equinox days
Slanting inwards towards the sun or outwards away from the sun
List the effects of Earth's rotation on human, plant, and animal life
limits the growing season for plants
Humans must adapt to colder or warmer weather
Animals adapt to changing availablity of food
What would happen to human, plants and animals if the Earth stopped rotating
One side of the world would never see sun and everything would move away from there or die.
When the sun's direct rays hit the Tropic of Capricorn, what season is it in the Northern Hemisphere