74 terms

Personal Computers Chapter 3

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____________ is the early operating system developed by Microsoft
MS-DOS
____________ replaced MS-DOS.
Microsoft Windows.
The ____________ is the most common input device.
keyboard
The traditional QWERTY keyboard has been shown to cause:
repetitive-stress injuries.
In comparison to a traditional mouse, a newer type of mouse uses ____________ to detect movement.
reflected light
The most common pointing input device is the:
mouse.
The wheel located between the two standard buttons on a mouse is used to:
scroll.
A touchpad responds to:
pressure.
The pointing device that comes built in to a laptop computer can be any EXCEPT a:
mouse.
Which input device resembles an upside-down mouse?
Trackball
A ____________ uses pressure as a user presses it with a stylus to send signals.
graphics tablet
Bar-code readers use light to read:
UPCs.
A standardized test that you may have taken in school could have been scored by a(n):
optical mark reader.
____________ is used to read UPCs.
Light
A ____________ is used to read handwritten or printed text to make a digital image that is stored in
memory.
scanner
OCR stands for:
optical character recognition.
OCR is:
software.
A PDA is a handheld ____________ computer.
pen
Until a computer can recognize handwriting, an input device must:
digitize the information.
A ___________ is used to create a digital representation of a printed document or photograph.
scanner
If employees reside in different parts of the country and need to meet monthly, useful computer technology
would be:
videoconferencing.
____________ can interpret voice data into words that can be understood by the computer.
Speech recognition software
A limitation of software that digitizes voice data is that it:
must be trained to recognize individual voices.
For a computer to recognize and understand analog data, it must first be:
digitized.
The display size of a monitor is measured:
diagonally.
The higher the resolution of a monitor, the:
closer together the pixels.
The display is also called a:
monitor.
An advantage that LCD monitors have over CRT monitors is that LCDs are:
less bulky and lighter-weight.
The colors in CRT video include all EXCEPT:
yellow.
A pixel is a:
picture element or dot on a screen.
An advantage that impact printers have over nonimpact printers is that impact printers:
can print multipart forms.
The most common color printers are:
inkjet.
In a laser printer, what creates electrical charges on the drum that then attracts ink to those areas?
Laser beam
Engineering blueprints are typically printed on a:
plotter.
For a faxed document with text to be edited, it must be processed by ___________ software.
Optical Character Reader (OCR)
If a user wants their computer to accept microphone input, it must have:
a sound card.
The science of creating work environments that are safe and efficient for workers is known as:
ergonomics.
Input and output secondary storage devices include all of the following EXCEPT:
hard drives.
A common storage device on mainframe computers but not common on PCs is a:
tape drive.
Unlike optical storage, magnetic tape is:
sequential.
How is a magnetic disk drive read?
Randomly
Most of the new laptop computers do not come with:
floppy drives
Zip disks can hold up to ____________ of information.
750 MB
CD-RW stands for:
compact disc-rewritable.
___________ is a type of erasable, reliable, and compact memory that is a viable alternative to disk
storage.
Flash memory
A tall, upright computer with relatively more expansion slots and bays is known as a(n):
tower.
Where is a printer attached?
Parallel port
An internal modem is attached to a(n):
expansion slot.
What is it called when you can remove and replace devices without turning off your computer?
Hot swapping
____________ allow(s) drives to be built into a computer system.
Bays
A USB allows a user to:
add hardware devices without opening the box.
___________ is a high-speed connection developed by Apple.
FireWire
USB is:
platform independent.
Compatibility, with regard to computers, refers to:
the software being able to run on the computer.
Connectivity for a new computer means:
having a modem and/or network connection to communicate with other computers.
Hardware is worthless without ____________, the real controller of a computer.
software
a standardized test that you may have taken in school could have been scored by a(n):
optical mark reader
_ is the early operating system developed by Microsoft
MS-DOS
compatibility, with regard to computers, refers to:
the software being able to run on the computer
the science of creating work environments that are safe and efficient for workers is known as:
ergonomics
what is it called when you can remove and replace devices without turning off your computer?
hot swapping
a limitation of software that digitizes voice data is that it:
must be trained to recognize individual voices
bar-code readers use light to read:
UPCs
the display of a monitor is measured
diagonally
unlike optical storage, magnetic tape is:
sequential
_ is a type of erasable, reliable, and compact memory that is a viable alternative to disk storage
flash memory
if a user wants their computer to accept microphone input, it must have:
a sound card
a pixel is a:
picture element or dot on a screen
a _ uses pressure as a user presses it with a stylus to send signals
graphics tablet
CD-RW stands for:
compact disc-rewritable
if employees reside in different parts of the country and need to meet monthly, useful computer technology would be:
videoconferencing
_ allow(s) drives to be built into a computer system
bays
hardware is worthless without _, the real controller of a computer
software
engineering blueprint are typically printed on a:
plotter
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