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18 terms

EE Ch 15: Food and Agriculture

Environmental Ecology
STUDY
PLAY
famine
a widespread and long-lasting shortage of food that may cause starvation
malnutrition
the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, overnutrition, or any nutrient deficiency
diet
the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal)
yield
the amount of food that can be produced in a given area
arable land
land that can be used to grow crops
topsoil
the surface layer of soil which usually has organic matter
erosion
the movement of rock and soil by wind and water
desertification
the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert
compost
mixture of decaying organic matter used as fertilizer
salinization
A process in which mineral salts accumulate in the soil, killing plants; occurs when soils in dry climates are irrigated profusely
pesticide
a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)
biological pest control
The use of certain organisms by humans to eliminate or control pests.
genetic engineering
a science of manipulating the genes of living things to instill some desirable trait not present in the original organism. An example is a tomato given a gene to delay its rotting.
domesticated
brought under human control; tamed or cultivated
overharvesting
catching or removing from a population more organisms than the population can replace
aquaculture
the raising of aquatic organisms for human consumption
livestock
domesticated animals
ruminant
any of various cud-chewing hoofed mammals having a stomach divided into four (occasionally three) compartments