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34 terms

Advanced Math Exam Vocab

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term
a number, a variable, or the product of a number and variable
slope
ratio that describes steepness: rise/run
solution
any value or values that makes an equation or inequality true
quadrants
x-axis and y-axis divide coordinate plane into 4 sections
pythagorean theorem
legs squared equals hypotenuse squared
perfect square
a number that is a square of an integer
ordered pair
identifies the point on a coordinate plane
hypotenuse
longest side in a right triangle
coordinate plane
formed by x-axis and y-axis
slope intercept form
y=mx+b; m= how much, b=y intercept
y-intercept
where a slope crosses the y-axis
square root
a number that when multiplied by itself equals the original number
coefficient
numerical factor in any term of a polynomial - 3y
constant
in a polynomial, a term that doesn't contain a variable
polynomial
1 term or the sum or difference of two or more terms
combination
a group of items in which the order of items is not considered
dependent events
when outcome of event does affect outcome of 2nd event
factorial
product of all positive integers less than or equal to number
independent events
the occurrence of one event does not affect the probability or occurence of the other
odds
when all outcomes are equally likely
permutation
arrangement of objects in a particular order
solid
3-D figures that do not lie in plane, have height, length, and width
pyramid
a solid with triangular faces that meet at a vertex and a base that is a polygon named for shape of base
prism
a solid with two parallel and congruent faces called bases. named for the shape of it
alternate interior angle
lie within a pair of lines and on opposite sides of the transversal
complementary
two angles that add up to 90 degrees
congruent
exactly the same in size, shape, angle measurement, or length
corresponding angles
lie on the same side of the transversal and in corresponding positions
regular polygon
polygon with all sides congruent and all angles congruent
supplementary
two angles that add up to 180 degrees
vertical angles
formed by two intersecting lines opposite of each other
equation
a mathematical sentence with an equal sign
inequality
a mathematical sentence that contains <,>,≤,≥,≠
like term
terms with exactly the same variable factors