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51 multiple choice advanced clinical
Terms in this set (61)
The study of drugs is called ____.
Which of the following refers to the study of characteristics of natural drugs and their sources
The study of what drugs do to the body is ____.
The study of what the body does to a drug is called ____.
Which of the following is the study of how drugs are used to treat disease
Which of the following is the study of poisons or the poisonous effects of drugs?
Which of the following are examples of plant-derived drugs?
Digitoxin and quinine
Which of the following are drugs derived from animal substances?
Thyroid hormone and insulin
Which drug is derived from a mineral source?
Which of the following drugs are made from bacteria and fungi
Cephalosporins and penicillins
Which of the following refers to the interaction between the drug and target cells or tissues and the body's response to that?
Which of the following is the process of converting a drug from its dose form, such as a tablet or capsule, into a form the body can use?
The process by which drug molecules are transformed into simpler products is called ____.
How the body absorbs, metabolizes, distributes, and excretes a drug is ____.
Drugs injected intradermally are absorbed through the ____.
Drugs that are administered intramuscularly are absorbed through the ____.
Most drugs are metabolized in the ____.
Which of the following is the process of transporting a drug from its administration site to its site of action?
Which of the following describes the manner in which a drug is eliminated from the body
Which area of pharmacology is also called clinical pharmacology
Which of the following is considered a drug's official name?
Another name for the trade name of a drug is the ____.
brand or proprietary name
Which of the following pertains to the length of time between dosing and the availability of a drug in the bloodstream?
Which drug name is selected by its manufacturer, is protected by copyright, and is the property of the manufacturer?
When a manufacturer produces a new drug, no other manufacturer can make or sell the drug for ____ years.
Which of the following is the purpose or reason for using a drug?
The category of pharmacologic activity for amoxicillin is ____.
The category of pharmacologic activity for furosemide is ____.
Examples of analgesics are ____.
Tylenol, aspirin, MS Contin, and Percocet
Which of the following is the action of an anesthetic
It prevents the sensation of pain
Tums and Prevacid are examples of ____.
Which drug category normalizes the heartbeat in certain cases of cardiac arrhythmias?
Which of the following drugs are examples of anticoagulants?
Lovenox, heparin sodium, and Coumadin
The action of an antacid is to ____.
neutralize the stomach acid
The action of an analgesic is to ____.
relieve mild to severe pain
Which of the following is the action of a diuretic?
Increases urinary output and reduces blood pressure
Which of the following is the action of an antiemetic?
Prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting
A drug is prescribed to prevent a disease or condition, as with immunizations or birth control drugs, in which of the following types of drug therapies?
A drug is prescribed to improve a life-threatening or serious condition, as with epinephrine for severe allergic reaction, in which type of drug therapy
Mr. Brennan is an 87-year-old patient who has stomach cancer that has metastasized (spread) to his liver and pancreas. The cancer is not considered curable, but he is in a considerable amount of pain. Which type of drug therapy would be considered for Mr. Brennan?
Which of the following present(s) information from drug package inserts on more than 2500 prescription drugs?
Physicians' Desk Reference
Which of the following is the official source of drug standards in the United States and is published every five years?
United States Pharmacopeia/National Formulary
Which schedule of controlled substances contains drugs that have the highest abuse potential?
Which schedule of controlled substances contains drugs that have a high potential for physical or psychological dependence, but do have therapeutic uses, for which they require prescriptions?
Which of the following drugs are Schedule II substances?
Demerol and morphine
Drugs that have the lowest abuse potential belong to which schedule of controlled substances?
Which of the following drugs are Schedule III substances?
Talbutal, Paregoric, and Tylenol 3
Antitussives and antidiarrheal that contain small amounts of opioids, such as codeine, belong to which schedule of controlled substances?
Which part of a prescription includes the name of the drug and the amount?
Which part of the prescription contains patient instructions
Tomas is an overweight, 46-year-old patient who has just been diagnosed with high blood pressure. In addition to providing Tomas with educational material about diet and weight loss, which of the following categories of drugs might the physician prescribe for Tomas?
The action of antihypertensive drugs is to ____.
reduce blood pressure
Johnny is a 9-year-old patient who has an upper respiratory infection. He is coughing, sneezing, and has a temperature of 102.4°F. One of the medications the physician suggested for Johnny is over-the-counter Children's Benadryl. To what category does Benadryl belong, and which symptoms will it ease?
Antihistamine; relieves sneezing
Serena is a 26-year-old patient who has been suffering migraine headaches so severe that she has had to miss a substantial amount of work lately. Missing work has increased her stress level, which makes the migraines occur even more frequently. She explains that she would rather suffer the pain than take medication for the migraines, because the medications make her groggy and really do not do much for the pain anyway. Which of the following nonpharmacologic pain management techniques might Serena consider?
Arlene needs to have a cyst removed from her left ovary. The physician explains that general anesthesia is usually used, but Arlene is afraid. Her sister once had a bad reaction to an anesthetic, and Arlene thinks the same thing could happen to her. Which of the following nonpharmacologic methods of pain management might be used for her surgery
Examples of drugs that belong to the drug category of cathartics are ____.
Dulcolax and Milk of Magnesia
Which drugs belong to the drug category of diuretics?
Bumex, Lasix, and mannitol
Which of the following is not a reason a patient may complain that a newly prescribed drug is not doing what the doctor told her it would?
The drug has reached therapeutic level
Which of the following approves and regulates the manufacture and distribution of drugs?
Most medications are typically in which of the categories for drug use in pregnancy
Which of the following is the proper way to dispose of outdated, noncontrolled drugs?
Use a disposal company that destroys biohazardous waste
When a client's family asks the nurse to explain anxiety disorders, the nurse's response should be based on what statement concerning anxiety disorders?
who do you report a med error to?
What is the normal basal insulin secretion?
what is the mechanism of action of ambien
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