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41 terms

Kerri ss chap 12

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temperate climate
mild; moderate in temperature
deforestation
the process of clearing the land of forests, often to make room for farms and cities
Eurasia
a large landmass that includes the continents of Europe and Asia
Ural Mountains
seperate Europe from Asia in the North
Caucasus Mountains
seperate Europe from Asia in the south
Carpathian Mountains
North of Balken peninsula largest mountains in eastern europe
Pyrenees Mountains
seperate spain from france
Alps Mountains
Europe's highest Mountains from mediterranean coast to the balken peninsula
British Isles
Great Britain, Ireland, and some smaller isles
North European Plain
A large, fertile area that extends from the Atlantic ocean to the Ural mountains
North Sea
A large arm of the Atlantic Ocean, between Great Britain and continental Europe
Sein River
A river that flows from eastern france northward into the English channel
Middle Ages
A period in European history between A.D. 500 and the 1400s
feudalism
starting in europe around A.D. 800, a system for organizing and governing society based on land and service
lord
In the middle ages, a noble who owned and controlled all activities on his manor
fief
In the middle ages, a property given to a vassal in exchange for protection
vassal
a noble who usually was given a fief by his lord in exchange for protection
serf
a person who was bound to work on a noble's manor
guild
an organization of workers in a trade or craft that set standerds and protected the interests of its members
manor
a large self-sufficient estate granted to a lord and worked by serfs
knight
someone who was a male who pledged loyalty and protection to a king- defenders, fightingman
Charlemagne
king of the franks from 786 to 814, emperor of Rome from 800 to 814
Magna Carta
a legal document written by English lordsin 215 that started certain rights and limited the power of th king
William The Conqueror
Norman King,in 1066 he defeated Harold, the Anglo Saxon King, to become the first Norman King of England
King John I
King of Englandfrom 1199 to 1216 A.D. in 1215 he signed the Magna Carta, giving rights to nobles
Aachen
Capital of Charlemagne's empire, a city in present dayGermany
Normandy
a region in Northwestern France on the English Channel
England
Part of the United KIngdom, on the island of Great Britian
manastery
a community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion`
convent
a community in which nuns live and pray
monk
a man who devotes his life to religion, usually giving up all that he owns
nun
a woman who devoted her life to religion, living in a convent
saint
a woman or man considered by a holy group to be especially holy
cathedral
a large or important christian church
Benedict
Italian monk, founder of the Benedictine order
Francis of Assisi
Italian monk, who founded the Francism order; he devoted his life to serving the poor and sick
Crusades
any of the journeys and battles made by europeanchriatians between 1095 and 1270, to win control of the holy land from the muslims
Chartres
a city in northwestern France, noted for its cathedral
plague
a terrible disease that spreads quickly and kills many people
Pope Urban II
Pope who called for the first crusade to reclaim Jerusalem from the muslims
Age of faith
time period in the niddle agea, religion was important and church was powerful