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Terms in this set (61)
what are the four border states?
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.
Why did Lincoln need the support of the border states?
he needed them because they had ties to both north and south
from what countries did the South hope to get help?
Hoped for support from Britain and France
Why was the North's war plan called the Anaconda plan?
It is called anaconda because anaconda means a snake that squeezes its victim to death.
List the three main parts of the Anaconda Plan.
1.First, the North would blockade, or close, Southern ports. This would stop supplies from getting to the Confederacy. It would also stop the South from exporting cotton.
2.Second, the North would aim to control the Mississippi River. This would split the Confederacy into two parts. It would cut Southern supply lines.
3. The North wanted to capture Richmond, Virginia. Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy
Why weren't African Americans allowed to join the Confederate army until the end of the war?
The Confederacy did not want to give enslaved people guns
Which side had more soldiers?
Why were Confederate soldiers called "Rebels"?
They were called rebels because they would hang together during the war.
What was the battle plan the South made, and why?
most of the war was fought in the South. This meant the army knew the land well. They were willing to fight hard to defend it.
How would the Anaconda Plan harm the South?
they would not be able to get supplies and not be able to send cotton.
What was surprising about the battle at Bull Run?
President lincoln named a new general. general george B. McClellan.
Why did the battle of the ironclad ships raise spirits on both sides?
neither side won because all the bullets bounced off.
How did the loss of New Orleans affect the Confederacy?
Confederacy could no longer use the Mississippi River to carry its goods to sea.
What happened after the Battle of Antietam?
Frederick Douglass and Horace Greeley wanted Lincoln to make the Civil War a fight to end slavery
How did the EMAncipation Proclamation affect the reason for the war?
It would free slaves in rebel held areas.
Explain the Northern generals' plan to use the Mississippi River to defeat the South.
there plan was to control the mississippi river so that the south could not use it for their goods.
How did the Emancipation Proclamation affect slaves in the South?
Some were now able to be free.
Why did many children not go to school during the war?
many children had to stay home to help their families. Many schools were closed. Some were too close to battle sites
List three new roles for women during the Civil War.
They worked in farms, factories, schools, and government. Thousands of women became nurses.
Why did people object to women working as nurses during the war?
thought they were too delicate to do nursing. People thought it was not proper for women to take care of men they did not know.
What happened to soldiers who were captured by the enemy?
they set up prison camps for people captured
what is habeas corpus
Habeas corpus helps protect people against unlawful imprisonment.
List two ways in which a man could avoid the draft.
a man could avoid the draft by paying a fee or hiring a substitute
Why did the New York City mobs attack African Americans
They were afraid that freed African Americans would take their jobs
How did the war affect the economy in the North and South?
Northern industries made money by producing war supplies. But in the south Much of the fighting took place in the South. It destroyed farms and railroad lines.
List two ways that life changed during the Civil War.
wifes lost their husbands and they did not get as much food.
How were prisoners mistreated during the Civil War?
they weren't always fed and they only gave them a blanket and a cup
What was Lee's strategy at Chancellorsville?
Lee decided to divide his troops. One group met the main Union force. The other group, led by Stonewall Jackson, attacked the Union flank
Why was Lincoln frustrated with the Union generals?
The army leaders in the East frustrated President Lincoln because In less than a year three different generals tried and failed to win the Civil War for the Union. The army's leadership was weak.
What made Lee's strategy at chancellorsville "brilliant"?
lee divided his troops into two.
Why would African Americans have been eager to enlist and fight for the Union?
they were eager because they could have been freed and they were armed.
What was the result of Pickett's Charge?
Half of those in Pickett's Charge were wounded or killed.
How did the events at Vicksburg and Port Hudson help change the tide of the war?
they lost people of sickness and hunger. they fell and they started cutting people off.
Why did Union leaders call for African Americans to be allowed to fight in the Civil War?
they needed more people to help
Why was the battle of Gettysburg a turning point in the war?
The Confederacy lost Port Hudson, its last stronghold on the Mississippi River. Many soldiers died. not only from wounds, but also from sickness and hunger.
Explain Grant's strategy for winning the war
Grant decided to attack from all sides. His armies would march to Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital.
Underline the sentence that tells why Sherman's and Farragut's victories were important to the Union
Union blocked Mobile Bay and took Atlanta. Northerners began to believe they could win.
Underline the names of three battle locations on the way to Richmond.
The Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor
what is a seige?
when they cut off all military supplies.
How did it change the war when Lincoln put General Grant in charge of the Union armies?
grant was a man of action. he did not take his time he was very fast.
what is total war
Total war is the systematic destruction of an entire land, not just its army
What finally ended slavery in the United States?
Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment on January 31, 1865. It banned slavery in the United States.
Why did General Lee finally surrender?
they were surrounded at Appomattox Court House. he knew it was over.
Why would the status of African Americans in the South be a problem after the war?
many african americans were freed during the world.
Name two important Union victories that helped ensure Lincoln's reelection.
Spotsylvania Court House, and Cold Harbor were two important victories
Why did Sherman burn and destroy the South?
he destroyed the south so that he would win the battle.
Why did the Union want to control the Mississippi River and its tributaries?
Missouri could control parts of the Mississippi River and major routes to the West.
What is the term that means the systematic destruction of an entire land - not just an army?
"Peace Democrats" became known as
Who or what was the Merrimack?
The Merrimack was an abandoned Union ship that the Confederacy rebuilt and covered with iron
Clara Barton worked with wounded soldiers and later founded the
started the american red cross
What was Sherman's march across Georgia toward the Atlantic called?
Sherman's march to the sea
What city was the capital of the Confederacy?
The leadership of which two generals was a key factor in the Confederates' military success in the East?
robert e. lee and stonewall jackson.
What was one of the main advantages of the South?
superior military leadership and training/service
What guarantees accused the individuals the right to a hearing before being jailed?
What city was the capital of the Union?
What helped Lincoln win the election 1864?
when he won second term and northerners started believing
The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to
the north wanted to restore the union
What was the most vital border state for the Union?
Which battle was named after a small church?
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