God all-powerful; people could shape their own destiny. Charles Grandison Finney. Lyman Beecher.
did not preach reason and intellect. Escaping the world through your mind. Emerson. Thoreau. Movement inspired by philosophers and writers.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
encouraged people to involve themselves in reforming societies. Transcendentalist; launched American Renaissance
mid 1800's; encouraged people to drink less alcohol. Preached abstinence. First state to prohibit alcohol was Maine.
working and middle classes wanted to reform education for their kids. Quality of teaching was crap. Horace Mann; promoted self-discipline and good citizenship; tax payer financed. Benefit society. School more common in urban North. Girls discouraged to go; whites only.
confined in horrible conditions. Dorothea Dix: Separate mentally ill from criminal element.
get away from urbane and industrialization. religiously oriented. They fell victim to laziness, selfishness, and inter-fighting.
Worked to end slavery. divided on how women could be involved. Roots in the churches. Idea to send them to Liberia (Western Africa). Opposition in the North: Large, wealthy industrialists. Opposition in the South: Rapid, heretic, killed or hanged.
Wrote North Star. Former slave. Taught to read. Words as well as deed needed to fight slavery.