clms cooper civics enlightenment and DOI
Terms in this set (15)
Declaration Of Independence
This was an act passed by the Second Continental Congress on July 4, 1776 declaring the thirteen American Colonies independent of British rule.
This was an 18th century intellectual movement beginning in France.
men who had an important part in creating the government of the U.S.; specifically : members of the American Constitutional Convention of 1787
This was a British philosopher who argued that governments only purpose was to protect man's natural rights.
He was a French philosopher who developed a number of political theories in his Spirit of the Laws.
This is a political theory that individuals have privileges that no government can deny.
Separation Of Powers
This is the Constitutional principle that the law making, executive, and judicial powers be held by different groups and people.
Social Contract Theory
This is an agreement between the governed and the government defining and limiting the rights and duties of each.
Written by Thomas Paine in early 1776, it said that continued American loyalty to Britain would be absurd, and independence was the only rational thing for colonists to do.
English Bill Of Rights
Passed by English Parliament in 1689, it limited the power of the monarch, but would later become very influential in the creation of the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
This English monarch is alleged to be the enemy of Robin Hood, but he is best remembered as the king who was forced to sign the Magna Carta which placed limits on absolute rule in Britain.
This is a form of government in which the power to rule is significantly restrained by a strong Constitution or other document.
This was the Great Charter of English liberty granted (under considerable duress) by King John at Runnymede on June 15, 1215.
This was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony, signed by the Pilgrims in November of 1620.
This is the writer of Common Sense in 1776 and advocate of America's separation from Great Britain.